Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *úštras, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *ūsr- (buffalo). Cognate with Avestan 𐬎𐬱𐬙𐬭𐬀 (uštra), Old English ūr.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /úʂ.ʈɽɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈuʂ.ʈɽɐ/
  • NounEdit

    उष्ट्र (úṣṭram

    1. buffalo
    2. camel
    3. a wagon or a cart drawn by either

    DeclensionEdit

    Masculine a-stem declension of उष्ट्र (úṣṭra)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative उष्ट्रः
    úṣṭraḥ
    उष्ट्रौ
    úṣṭrau
    उष्ट्राः / उष्ट्रासः¹
    úṣṭrāḥ / úṣṭrāsaḥ¹
    Vocative उष्ट्र
    úṣṭra
    उष्ट्रौ
    úṣṭrau
    उष्ट्राः / उष्ट्रासः¹
    úṣṭrāḥ / úṣṭrāsaḥ¹
    Accusative उष्ट्रम्
    úṣṭram
    उष्ट्रौ
    úṣṭrau
    उष्ट्रान्
    úṣṭrān
    Instrumental उष्ट्रेण
    úṣṭreṇa
    उष्ट्राभ्याम्
    úṣṭrābhyām
    उष्ट्रैः / उष्ट्रेभिः¹
    úṣṭraiḥ / úṣṭrebhiḥ¹
    Dative उष्ट्राय
    úṣṭrāya
    उष्ट्राभ्याम्
    úṣṭrābhyām
    उष्ट्रेभ्यः
    úṣṭrebhyaḥ
    Ablative उष्ट्रात्
    úṣṭrāt
    उष्ट्राभ्याम्
    úṣṭrābhyām
    उष्ट्रेभ्यः
    úṣṭrebhyaḥ
    Genitive उष्ट्रस्य
    úṣṭrasya
    उष्ट्रयोः
    úṣṭrayoḥ
    उष्ट्राणाम्
    úṣṭrāṇām
    Locative उष्ट्रे
    úṣṭre
    उष्ट्रयोः
    úṣṭrayoḥ
    उष्ट्रेषु
    úṣṭreṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • उष्ट्र॑” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, OCLC 186102264, page 94, column 2.
    • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 055
    • “U’shṭra” in Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 220/3