SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háwṣṭʰas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háwštʰas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃éh₁os (mouth). Cognate with Old Church Slavonic оуста (usta), Latin ōs, Hittite 𒀀𒄿𒅖. See also आस् (ā́s, mouth).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ओष्ठ (óṣṭham

  1. lip (generally in dual)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 2.39.6:
      ओष्ठाविव मध्वास्ने वदन्ता स्तनाविव पिप्यतं जीवसे नः।
      नासेव नस्तन्वो रक्षितारा कर्णाविव सुश्रुता भूतमस्मे॥
      oṣṭhāviva madhvāsne vadantā stanāviva pipyataṃ jīvase naḥ.
      nāseva nastanvo rakṣitārā karṇāviva suśrutā bhūtamasme.
      Even as two lips that with the mouth speak honey, even as two breasts that nourish our existence,
      Like the two nostrils that protect our being, be to us as our ears that hear distinctly.
  2. the forepart of an Agnikuṇḍa

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of ओष्ठ (óṣṭha)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ओष्ठः
óṣṭhaḥ
ओष्ठौ
óṣṭhau
ओष्ठाः / ओष्ठासः¹
óṣṭhāḥ / óṣṭhāsaḥ¹
Vocative ओष्ठ
óṣṭha
ओष्ठौ
óṣṭhau
ओष्ठाः / ओष्ठासः¹
óṣṭhāḥ / óṣṭhāsaḥ¹
Accusative ओष्ठम्
óṣṭham
ओष्ठौ
óṣṭhau
ओष्ठान्
óṣṭhān
Instrumental ओष्ठेन
óṣṭhena
ओष्ठाभ्याम्
óṣṭhābhyām
ओष्ठैः / ओष्ठेभिः¹
óṣṭhaiḥ / óṣṭhebhiḥ¹
Dative ओष्ठाय
óṣṭhāya
ओष्ठाभ्याम्
óṣṭhābhyām
ओष्ठेभ्यः
óṣṭhebhyaḥ
Ablative ओष्ठात्
óṣṭhāt
ओष्ठाभ्याम्
óṣṭhābhyām
ओष्ठेभ्यः
óṣṭhebhyaḥ
Genitive ओष्ठस्य
óṣṭhasya
ओष्ठयोः
óṣṭhayoḥ
ओष्ठानाम्
óṣṭhānām
Locative ओष्ठे
óṣṭhe
ओष्ठयोः
óṣṭhayoḥ
ओष्ठेषु
óṣṭheṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

NounEdit

 
Coccinia grandis in fruit

ओष्ठ (oṣṭhaf

  1. (botany) Coccinia grandis (to whose red fruits lips are commonly compared)

ReferencesEdit

  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 236