See also: गाथा and गूथ

Contents

SanskritEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *gaHtHa-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬔𐬁𐬚𐬁(gāʮā, form of strophe, metre, name the collections of Zarathustra's songs). Same PII root *gaH- gave Sanskrit root √gāi(√gāi, to sing).

NounEdit

गाथ ‎(gāthám

  1. song
    • RV 1.167.6d
      आस्थापयन्त युवतिं युवानः शुभे निमिष्लां विदथेषुपज्राम |
      अर्को यद वो मरुतो हविष्मान गायद गाथं सुतसोमो दुवस्यन ||
      āsthāpayanta yuvatiṃ yuvānaḥ śubhe nimiṣlāṃ vidatheṣupajrām |
      arko yad vo maruto haviṣmān ghāyad ghāthaṃ sutasomo duvasyan ||
      Upon their car the young men set the Maiden wedded to glory, mighty in assemblies,
      When your song, Maruts, rose, and, with oblation, the Soma-pourer sang his hymn in worship.
    • RV 9.11.4c
      बभ्रवे नु सवतवसे ऽरुणाय दिविस्प्र्शे |
      सोमाय गाथम अर्चत ||
      babhrave nu svatavase 'ruṇāya divispṛśe |
      somāya ghātham arcata ||
      Sing a praise-song to Soma brown of hue, of independent might.
      The Red, who reaches up to heaven.

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of गाथ
Nom. sg. गाथः(gāthaḥ)
Gen. sg. गाथस्य(gāthasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गाथः(gāthaḥ) गाथौ(gāthau) गाथाः(gāthāḥ)
Vocative गाथ(gātha) गाथौ(gāthau) गाथाः(gāthāḥ)
Accusative गाथम्(gātham) गाथौ(gāthau) गाथान्(gāthān)
Instrumental गाथेन(gāthena) गाथाभ्याम्(gāthābhyām) गाथैः(gāthaiḥ)
Dative गाथाय(gāthāya) गाथाभ्याम्(gāthābhyām) गाथेभ्यः(gāthebhyaḥ)
Ablative गाथात्(gāthāt) गाथाभ्याम्(gāthābhyām) गाथेभ्यः(gāthebhyaḥ)
Genitive गाथस्य(gāthasya) गाथयोः(gāthayoḥ) गाथानाम्(gāthānām)
Locative गाथे(gāthe) गाथयोः(gāthayoḥ) गाथेषु(gātheṣu)

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0352