Sanskrit

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Alternative scripts

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-European *géHyeti, from *geH- (to sing, cry). Cognate with Old East Slavic гаяти (gajati), Latvian dziêdu.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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गायति (gā́yati) third-singular present indicative (root गै, class 1, type P)

  1. to sing, recite, chant
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 2.43.2:
      उद्गातेव शकुने साम गायसि ब्रह्मपुत्र इव सवनेषु शंससि ।
      वृषेव वाजी शिशुमतीरपीत्या सर्वतो नः शकुने भद्रमा वद विश्वतो नः शकुने पुण्यमा वद ॥
      udgāteva śakune sāma gāyasi brahmaputra iva savaneṣu śaṃsasi.
      vṛṣeva vājī śiśumatīrapītyā sarvato naḥ śakune bhadramā vada viśvato naḥ śakune puṇyamā vada.
      Thou like the chanter-priest chantest the holy song, O Bird; thou singest at libations like a Brahman's son.
      Even as a vigorous horse when he comes near the mare, announce to us good fortune, Bird, on every side, proclaim in all directions happy luck, O Bird.
  2. to praise in song
  3. to relate in metrical language
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Descendants

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