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SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *gnáH-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷnéh₂-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬔𐬆𐬥𐬀 (gəna). Doublet of जनि (jáni).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɡn̪ɑ́ː/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ɡn̪ɑː/
  • NounEdit

    ग्ना (gnā́f

    1. wife
    2. divine female, a kind of goddess
    3. speech, voice

    DeclensionEdit

    Feminine ā-stem declension of ग्ना
    Nom. sg. ग्ना (gnā)
    Gen. sg. ग्नायाः (gnāyāḥ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative ग्ना (gnā) ग्ने (gne) ग्नाः (gnāḥ)
    Vocative ग्ने (gne) ग्ने (gne) ग्नाः (gnāḥ)
    Accusative ग्नाम् (gnām) ग्ने (gne) ग्नाः (gnāḥ)
    Instrumental ग्नया (gnayā) ग्नाभ्याम् (gnābhyām) ग्नाभिः (gnābhiḥ)
    Dative ग्नायै (gnāyai) ग्नाभ्याम् (gnābhyām) ग्नाभ्यः (gnābhyaḥ)
    Ablative ग्नायाः (gnāyāḥ) ग्नाभ्याम् (gnābhyām) ग्नाभ्यः (gnābhyaḥ)
    Genitive ग्नायाः (gnāyāḥ) ग्नयोः (gnayoḥ) ग्नानाम् (gnānām)
    Locative ग्नायाम् (gnāyām) ग्नयोः (gnayoḥ) ग्नासु (gnāsu)

    ReferencesEdit

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 370