ᠰᠤᠮᠤ

MongolianEdit

Mongolian
ᠰᠤᠮᠤ
(sumu)
Cyrillic
сум
(sum)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Mongolic *sumun (arrow), compare Dongxiang sumu.

The sense 'district' arose during the Qing dynasty as a translation of Manchu ᠨᡳᡵᡠ (niru, a large arrow, militia company, district)[1].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ᠰᠤᠮᠤ (sumu)

  1. arrow, projectile, bullet
  2. sum (sometimes somon, sumon or sumu) (the second-level civil administrative unit in the Mongolian governance system)

DescendantsEdit

  • English: sum
  • Chinese: 蘇木 (sūmù)
  • Buryat: сомон (somon)
  • Tuvan: сумон (sumon)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Christopher P. Atwood (2004) Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol empire, New York: Facts on File, Inc, page 523