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DongxiangEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Mongolic *sumun, compare Mongolian сум (sum).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sumu

  1. arrow

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *sumu. Related to sumea, Ingrian sumu, Karelian sumu and Veps sumeg. Possible non-Finnic cognates include Northern Sami sopmu, Erzya сув (suv), Moksha сув (suv).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsumu/, [ˈs̠umu]

NounEdit

sumu

  1. Fog, mist.
  2. (astronomy) nebula

Usage notesEdit

The words sumu, usva and utu all describe "water vapor lightly suspended near the ground", but – strictly speaking – at different degrees. However, they may often be used synonymously with no discretion.

  • Utu describes very light vapor near the ground, especially that occurring in the morning and therefore it is translated usually as "mist" or "haze".
  • Usva describes a bit thicker vapor than utu near the ground, especially when considering the water travelling conditions. Therefore, it is translated usually as "mist", "haze" or "fog".
  • Sumu describes very thick vapor obscuring the visibility near the ground and thus, it is translated usually as "mist" or "fog".

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of sumu (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative sumu sumut
genitive sumun sumujen
partitive sumua sumuja
illative sumuun sumuihin
singular plural
nominative sumu sumut
accusative nom. sumu sumut
gen. sumun
genitive sumun sumujen
partitive sumua sumuja
inessive sumussa sumuissa
elative sumusta sumuista
illative sumuun sumuihin
adessive sumulla sumuilla
ablative sumulta sumuilta
allative sumulle sumuille
essive sumuna sumuina
translative sumuksi sumuiksi
instructive sumuin
abessive sumutta sumuitta
comitative sumuineen

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

sumu

  1. Rōmaji transcription of すむ

SwahiliEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic سُمّ(summ).

NounEdit

sumu (n class, plural sumu)

  1. poison
  2. venom