See also: sum, сүм, сӯм, and сўм

Belarusian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Ukrainian сум (sum, literally sadness). сума, сумно (sadly), Russian сумно (sumno, literally doubtful), Polish sum,sumny < East Slavic, compare Slovene sȗm, sȗmnja (suspicion), Serbo-Croatian сумња (literally doubt)

Noun edit

сум (summ inan (genitive су́му, uncountable)

  1. boredom, sadness, sorrow
Declension edit
Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

сум (sum)

  1. genitive plural of сума (suma)

References edit

  • сум” in Belarusian–Russian dictionaries and Belarusian dictionaries at slounik.org
  • Tsykhun, G. A., editor (2010), “сум”, in Этымалагічны слоўнік беларускай мовы [Etymological Dictionary of the Belarusian Language] (in Belarusian), volume 13 (су- – трапка́ч), Minsk: Belaruskaia navuka, →ISBN, page 38

Macedonian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *esmь.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [sum]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -um

Verb edit

сум (sum) third-singular presentimpf or pf

  1. (intransitive) to be
  2. (intransitive) to be wrong with

Usage notes edit

  • The dependent form is specific to this verb only and is basically a second present form that is used in compound forms, such as the future, the да-construction, etc. It is analogous to the dependent present form of perfective verbs and its presence in the conjugation of "сум" is due to suppletion.

Conjugation edit

Mongolian edit

Mongolian
ᠰᠤᠮᠤ
(sumu)
Cyrillic
сум
(sum)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Mongolic *sumun (arrow), compare Kalmyk сумн (sumn), Dongxiang sumu.

The sense 'district' arose during the Qing dynasty as a translation of Manchu ᠨᡳᡵᡠ (niru, a large arrow, militia company, district).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

сум (sum); (hidden-n declension)

  1. arrow, projectile, bullet
  2. sum (sometimes somon, sumon or sumu) (the second-level civil administrative unit in the Mongolian governance system)

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Buryat: сомон (somon)
  • English: sum
  • Mandarin: 蘇木苏木 (sūmù)
  • Tuvan: сумон (sumon)

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Christopher P. Atwood (2004) Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol empire, New York: Facts on File, Inc, page 523

Russian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

сум (sumf inan pl

  1. genitive plural of сума́ (sumá)

Ukrainian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Related to су́мнів (súmniv, doubt). Compare Slovene súm (suspicion).

Noun edit

сум (summ inan (genitive су́му, uncountable)

  1. sadness

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Uzbek so‘m

Noun edit

сум (summ inan (genitive су́ма, nominative plural су́ми, genitive plural су́мів)

  1. sum, som

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit