See also: sum, сүм, сӯм, and сўм

MacedonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *esmь.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [sum]
  • (file)

VerbEdit

сум (sumimpf or pf

  1. (intransitive) to be
  2. (intransitive) to be wrong with

Usage notesEdit

  • The dependent form is specific to this verb only and is basically a second present form that is used in compound forms, such as the future, the да-construction, etc. It is analogous to the dependent present form of perfective verbs and its presence in the conjugation of "сум" is due to suppletion.

ConjugationEdit


MongolianEdit

Mongolian (PR China) ᠰᠤᠮᠤ (sumu)
Mongolian (Mongolia)
Cyrillic сум (sum)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Mongolic *sumun (arrow), compare Kalmyk сумн (sumn), Dongxiang sumu.

The sense 'district' arose during the Qing dynasty as a translation of Manchu ᠨᡳᡵᡠ (niru, a large arrow, militia company, district)[1].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

сум (sum); (hidden-n declension)

  1. arrow, projectile, bullet
  2. sum (sometimes somon, sumon or sumu) (the second-level civil administrative unit in the Mongolian governance system)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: sum
  • Chinese: 蘇木 (sūmù)
  • Buryat: сомон (somon)
  • Tuvan: сумон (sumon)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Christopher P. Atwood (2004) Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol empire, New York: Facts on File, Inc, page 523

RussianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

сум (sumf inan pl

  1. genitive plural of сума́ (sumá)

UkrainianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Related to су́мнів (súmniv, doubt). Compare Slovene súm (suspicion).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

сум (summ inan (genitive су́му, uncountable)

  1. sadness

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit