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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ἐπῐ́ (epí) +‎ αἰνέω (ainéō, I approve)

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

ἐπαινέω (epainéō)

  1. I approve, applaud, agree
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 3.461:
      ὣς ἔφατ᾽ Ἀτρεΐδης, ἐπὶ δ᾽ ᾔνεον ἄλλοι Ἀχαιοί.
      hṑs éphat᾽ Atreḯdēs, epì d᾽ ḗineon álloi Akhaioí.
      So spake the son of Atreus, and all the Achaeans shouted assent.
    • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Pythian Ode 4.168:
      σύνθεσιν ταύταν ἐπαινήσαντες οἱ μὲν κρίθεν
      súnthesin taútan epainḗsantes hoi mèn kríthen
      Approving this arrangement, they parted company.
    • 414 BCE, Aristophanes, The Birds 1616:
      ὁρᾷς; ἐπαινεῖ χοὖτος.
      horâis? epaineî khoûtos.
      Do you see? He also agrees.
    1. I praise, commend
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 3.34.5:
        ἥσθη τε ταῦτα ἀκούσας ὁ Καμβύσης καὶ ἐπαίνεε τὴν Κροίσου κρίσιν.
        hḗsthē te taûta akoúsas ho Kambúsēs kaì epaínee tḕn Kroísou krísin.
        Cambyses was glad to have heard this, and he praised Croesus' judgement.
      • 620 BCE – 500 BCE, Alcaeus of Mytilene, Collected Works 37A:
        μέγ᾽ ἐπαίνεντες ἀόλλεες
        még᾽ epaínentes aóllees
        shouting his praise by their thousands
      • 525 BCE – 455 BCE, Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 342:
        τὰ μὲν σ᾽ ἐπαινῶ κοὐδαμῇ λήξω ποτέ:
        tà mèn s᾽ epainô koudamêi lḗxō poté:
        I thank you for all this and shall never cease to thank you.
      • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 2.25.2.[Brasidias] was the first that was praised at Sparta in this war:
        πρῶτος τῶν κατὰ τὸν πόλεμον ἐπῃνέθη ἐν Σπάρτῃ.
        prôtos tôn katà tòn pólemon epēinéthē en Spártēi.
      • 436 BCE – 338 BCE, Isocrates, Panathenaicus 118:
        ἀντὶ τῆς ὑπὸ πάντων ἐπαινουμένης
        antì tês hupò pántōn epainouménēs
        in place of the [polity] commended by all
    2. I agree or undertake to do
  2. I recommend, advise
    • 497 BCE – 405 BCE, Sophocles, Ajax 1360:
      τοιούσδ᾽ ἐπαινεῖς δῆτα σὺ κτᾶσθαι φίλους;
      toioúsd᾽ epaineîs dêta sù ktâsthai phílous?
      So then, are these the type of friends that you recommend we make?
  3. Used to decline an offer or invitation.
  4. (Rhapsody) I recite

Usage notesEdit

The aorist ἐπῄνεσα (epḗinesa) is sometimes used in Attic in a present sense.

InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

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Further readingEdit