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Ancient GreekEdit

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EtymologyEdit

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PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

αἰνέω (ainéō) (poetic, Ionic)

  1. (transitive) I tell of, speak of
    • 458 BCE, Aeschylus, Agamemnon 1481:
      ἦ μέγαν οἰκονόμον δαίμονα καὶ βαρύμηνιν αἰνεῖς
      ê mégan oikonómon daímona kaì barúmēnin aineîs
      Truly you speak of a mighty fiend, haunting the house, and heavy in his wrath
    • 458 BCE, Aeschylus, The Libation Bearers 192:
      ἐγὼ δ’ ὅπως μὲν ἄντικρυς τάδ’ αἰνέσω
      egṑ d’ hópōs mèn ántikrus tád’ ainésō
      But how will I speak of this outright?
    1. (transitive) I praise, approve
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 10.249:
        ‘Τυδεΐδη μήτ’ ἄρ με μάλ’ αἴνεε μῆτέ τι νείκει
        ‘Tudeḯdē mḗt’ ár me mál’ aínee mêté ti neíkei
        Son of Tydeus, praise me not over-much, neither blame me in aught
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 5.102.3:
        ὑπὸ Σιμωνίδεω τοῦ Κηίου πολλὰ αἰνεθέντα
        hupò Simōnídeō toû Kēíou pollà ainethénta
        greatly praised by Simonides of Ceos
      1. (Christianity, transitive) I praise, glorify
        • New Testament, Revelation 19:5:
          Αἰνεῖτε τῷ θεῷ ἡμῶν, πάντες οἱ δοῦλοι αὐτοῦ
          Aineîte tôi theôi hēmôn, pántes hoi doûloi autoû
          Give praise to our god, all you his servants
    2. (transitive) I approve, advise, recommend
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 16.403:
        εἰ μέν κ’ αἰνήσωσι Διὸς μεγάλοιο θέμιστες
        ei mén k’ ainḗsōsi Diòs megáloio thémistes
        if the oracles of great Zeus approve
      • 458 BCE, Aeschylus, The Libation Bearers 555:
        αἰνῶ δὲ κρύπτειν τάσδε συνθήκας ἐμάς
        ainô dè krúptein tásde sunthḗkas emás
        I recommend her to keep this pact with me concealed
    3. (transitive) I promise or vow

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

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