Ἴων

See also: ιών, ἱών, -ίων, and ἰών

Ancient GreekEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier Ἰᾱ́ϝων (Iā́wōn) according to Beekes.

Pokorny has speculated about a connection to a Proto-Indo-European root *wey-, expressing a shout of joy or distress, as in Ancient Greek ἰά (, clamour, shout; sound, roar). Ἰᾱ́ϝων (Iā́wōn) could mean “devotee of Apollo”, based on the cry ἰή παιών (iḗ paiṓn) uttered in his worship; the god was also called ἰήϊος (iḗïos) himself.[1] Douglas Harper speculates that it may share a Proto-Indo-European origin with Sanskrit योनी (yonī, womb, vagina), a supposed reference to goddess-worshipping, although he does not provide a source for this claim.[2]

Compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀂𐀊𐀺𐀚 (i-ja-wo-ne, Ionians), Egyptian ywnj ꜥꜣ (Great Ionia), both attested in the first half of 14th century BC.

PronunciationEdit

 

Proper nounEdit

Ἴων (Íōnm (genitive Ἴωνος); third declension

  1. Ion, the mythological ancestor of the Ionian people
  2. an Ancient Greek male name

NounEdit

Ἴων (Íōnm (genitive Ἴωνος); third declension

  1. one of the Ionians; a native or inhabitant of Ionia

InflectionEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek: Ίων (Íon)
  • Biblical Hebrew: יָוָן(yāwān)
  • Latin: Iōn
  • Old Persian: 𐎹𐎢𐎴 (Yauna-, Ionian; Greek)
  • Turkish: İyon

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Julius Pokorny, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, (1959), p. 1176.
  2. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “Ionian”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.