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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *upo, with regular rough breathing (h) before initial υ (u). Cognates include Latin sub and Sanskrit उप (upa).




ῠ̔πό (hupó) (governs the genitive, dative, and accusative)

  1. (+ genitive)
    1. (of place) from underneath
      1. under, beneath
    2. (of cause or agency) by, through
      1. (in pregnant phrases) of immediate acts of an agent, as well as further results
      2. (in Herodotus and Attic, of things as well as persons)
      3. denoting the attendant or accompanying circumstances
      4. (of accompanying music) to give the time
  2. (+ dative)
    1. (of place or position) under, near
    2. (of agency) under, through, by
      1. expressing subjection or dependence
      2. of logical subordination
      3. of attendant circumstances
  3. (+ accusative)
    1. (of place) to express motion towards and under
      1. of position or extension
      2. of logical subordination
    2. of subjection, control
    3. (of time) just after
    4. of accompaniment
    5. to a certain degree


Derived termsEdit