パンパン

JapaneseEdit

  A user suggests that this Japanese entry be cleaned up, giving the reason: “multiple etymologies; move 和語 to hiragana”.
Please see the discussion on Requests for cleanup(+) for more information and remove this template after the problem has been dealt with.

EtymologyEdit

The adverb, attested from the 19th century, is onomatopoeic. The related adnominal is attested from the 20th century.[1]

Origin of the noun is unknown, but theories include semantic shift from the onomatopoeia, perhaps in reference to clapping hands to attract a prostitute; or possibly derivation from Indonesian perempuan (woman).[2] The noun is attested from the 1940s.[3] Compare English pompom girl, Ilocano pampam, Tagalog pampam, Cebuano pampam, Waray-Waray pampam.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

パンパン or ぱんぱん (panpan

  1. (onomatopoeia) the sound of clapping or of striking something with one's hand
  2. (onomatopoeia) bang, pow (the sound of something bursting or exploding)
    • 1994, Aihara Mariko, Shitai nōjō, translation of The Body Farm by Patricia Cornwell:
      どこかの(しゃ)(げき)(じょう)からパンパンという(するど)(おと)が、()()けの(せい)(じゃく)(やぶ)って()こえてくれ。
      Dokoka no shagekijō kara panpan to iu surudoi oto ga, yoake no seijaku o yabutte kikoete kure.
      From a shooting range somewhere a sharp bang sound breaks the silence of the dawn.

AdnominalEdit

パンパン or ぱんぱん (panpan

  1. bulging, about to burst, overstuffed
    ()()ぎた。お(なか)パンパンだ。
    Tabe sugita. Onaka ga panpan da.
    I ate too much. My stomach is about to burst.

NounEdit

パンパン (panpan

  1. (slang, dated, historical) a sex worker, prostitute, especially one catering to occupying soldiers after World War II
    Synonym: パンパンガール
    • 2018, Kitagami Yūho, Sengo panpan den [Tales of post-war sex workers], volume 16, page 6:
      それでパンパンから(あし)(あら)って(こう)(せい)しろって ()かってないね!()(じゅつ)()ったって(もと)パンパンだってわかったら どこも(やと)ってくんないよ
      Sore de panpan kara ashi o aratte kōsei shiro tte Wakatte-nai ne! Gijutsu o motta tte moto panpan datte wakattara Dokomo yatotte-kunnai yo
      They say that working girls are turning over a new leaf and rehabilitating themselves. Don't you get it! The skills that former sex workers have – they're useful anywhere.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ぱんぱん”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
  2. ^ パンパンガール”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  3. ^ パンパン”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[3] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN