See also: Strike

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English striken, from Old English strīcan, from Proto-Germanic *strīkaną, from Proto-Indo-European *streyg- (to stroke, rub, press). Cognate with Dutch strijken, German streichen, Danish stryge, Icelandic strýkja, strýkva.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /stɹaɪk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪk

VerbEdit

strike (third-person singular simple present strikes, present participle striking, simple past struck, past participle struck or stricken)

  1. (transitive, sometimes with out or through) To delete or cross out; to scratch or eliminate.
    Please strike the last sentence.
  2. (physical) To have a sharp or sudden effect.
    1. (transitive) To hit.
      Strike the door sharply with your foot and see if it comes loose.  A bullet struck him.The ship struck a reef.
    2. (transitive) To give, as a blow; to impel, as with a blow; to give a force to; to dash; to cast.
    3. (intransitive) To deliver a quick blow or thrust; to give blows.
      A hammer strikes against the bell of a clock.
    4. (transitive) To manufacture, as by stamping.
      We will strike a medal in your honour.
      • 1977, Jaques Heyman, Equilibrium of Shell Structures, Clarendon Press, Oxford, page 107:
        [I]n practice, small deformations will occur in the shell on striking the shuttering, or... alternatively, some small deformations are due to slightly imperfect placing of the original formwork.
    5. (intransitive, dated) To run upon a rock or bank; to be stranded; to run aground.
      The ship struck in the night.
    6. (transitive) To cause to sound by one or more beats; to indicate or notify by audible strokes. Of a clock, to announce (an hour of the day), usually by one or more sounds.
      The clock struck twelve.  The drums strike up a march.
    7. (intransitive) To sound by percussion, with blows, or as if with blows.
    8. (transitive) To cause or produce by a stroke, or suddenly, as by a stroke.
      to strike a light
    9. (transitive) To cause to ignite by friction.
      to strike a match
  3. (transitive) To thrust in; to cause to enter or penetrate.
    A tree strikes its roots deep.
  4. (personal, social) To have a sharp or severe effect.
    1. (transitive) To punish; to afflict; to smite.
      • Bible, Proverbs xvii.26:
        To punish the just is not good, nor strike princes for equity.
    2. (intransitive) To carry out a violent or illegal action.
    3. (intransitive) To act suddenly, especially in a violent or criminal way.
      The bank robber struck on the 2nd and 5th of May.
    4. (transitive, figuratively) To impinge upon.
      The first thing to strike my eye was a beautiful pagoda.  Tragedy struck when his brother was killed in a bush fire.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, in The Celebrity:
        In the old days, to my commonplace and unobserving mind, he gave no evidences of genius whatsoever. He never read me any of his manuscripts, [], and therefore my lack of detection of his promise may in some degree be pardoned. But he had then none of the oddities and mannerisms which I hold to be inseparable from genius, and which struck my attention in after days when I came in contact with the Celebrity.
    5. (intransitive) To stop working as a protest to achieve better working conditions.
      Synonym: strike work
      • 1889, New York (State). Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Statistics, Annual Report (part 2, page 127)
        Two men were put to work who could not set their looms; a third man was taken on who helped the inefficients to set the looms. The other weavers thought this was a breach of their union rules and 18 of them struck []
    6. (transitive) To impress, seem or appear (to).
      Golf has always struck me as a waste of time.
      • 1895, H. G. Wells, The Time Machine, Ch.X:
        I fancied at first the stuff was paraffin wax, and smashed the jar accordingly. But the odor of camphor was unmistakable. It struck me as singularly odd, that among the universal decay, this volatile substance had chanced to survive, perhaps through many thousand years.
    7. (transitive) To create an impression.
      The news struck a sombre chord.
      • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess:
        The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen. No one queried it. It was in the classic pattern of human weakness, mean and embarrassing and sad.
    8. (sports) To score a goal.
      • 2010 December 28, Marc Vesty, “Stoke 0-2 Fulham”, in BBC:
        Defender Chris Baird struck twice early in the first half to help Fulham move out of the relegation zone and ease the pressure on manager Mark Hughes.
    9. To make a sudden impression upon, as if by a blow; to affect with some strong emotion.
      to strike the mind with surprise;  to strike somebody with wonder, alarm, dread, or horror
      • 1734, Francis Atterbury, “A Sermon Preached at the Rolls, December 24, 1710: The Baptist's Message to Jesus, and Jesus's Answer Explained”, in Sermons on Several Occasions, volume I, published from the originals by Thomas Moore, new edition, London; reprinted in Sermons and Discourses on Several Subjects and Occasions, volume II, London, 1820, page 25:
        In like manner the writings of mere men [] strike and surprise us most upon our first perusal of them [].
      • 1734, Alexander Pope, An Epistle To The Right Honourable Richard Lord Viscount Cobham; reprinted in Henry W. Boynton, editor, The Complete Poetical Works of Alexander Pope (The Cambridge Edition of the Poets), Boston; New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1903, lines 141–144, page 159:
        Court-virtues bear, like gems, the highest rate, / Born where Heav'n's influence scarce can penetrate. / In life's low vale, the soil the virtues like, / They please as beauties, here as wonders strike.
    10. To affect by a sudden impression or impulse.
      The proposed plan strikes me favourably.  May the Lord strike down those sinners!I was struck dumb with astonishment.
    11. (intransitive, Britain, obsolete, slang) To steal or rob; to take forcibly or fraudulently.
      • 1567, Thomas Harman, “The vpright Coſe cateth to the Roge. [The Upright Man speaketh to the Rogue.]”, in A Caveat or Warning for Common Cursitors, vulgarly called vagabonds; reprinted in Charles Hindley, editor, A Caveat or Warning for Common Cursetors, Vulgarly called Vagabonds, London: Reeves and Turner, 1871, page 119:
        Now we haue well bousd, let vs strike some chete.
        Now we have well drunk, let us steal something.
      • 1591, Robert Greene, “A discourse, or rather discovery of the Nip and the Foist, laying open the nature of the Cutpurse and Pick-pocket.”, in The Second Part of Conny-catching, London: John Wolfe; reprinted in Alexander B. Grosart, editor, The Life and Complete Works in Prose and Verse of Robert Greene, volume 10, London; Aylesbury: Hazell, Watson and Viney, 1881, page 112:
        Hee being thus duſted with meale, intreated the meale man to wipe it out of his necke, and ſtoopte downe his head: the meale man laughing to ſee him ſo rayed and whited, was willing to ſhake off the meal, and the whilſt, while hee was buſie about that, the Nippe had ſtroken the purſe and done his feate, and both courteouſly thanked the meale man and cloſely / went away with his purchaſe.
        He being thus dusted with meal, entreated the meal-man to wipe it out of his neck, and stooped down his head, the meal-man laughing to see him so arrayed and whited, was willing to shake off the meal, and while he was busy about that, the nip had stroken the purse and done his feat, and both courteously thanked the meal-man and closely went away with his purchase.[1]
    12. (slang, archaic) To borrow money from; to make a demand upon.
  5. To touch; to act by appulse.
  6. (transitive) To take down, especially in the following contexts.
    1. (nautical) To haul down or lower (a flag, mast, etc.)
    2. (by extension) To capitulate; to signal a surrender by hauling down the colours.
      The frigate has struck, sir! We've beaten them, the lily-livers!
      • 1724, Gilbert Burnet, Bishop Burnet's History of His Own Time, volume I, London: Thomas Ward; reprinted in Osmund Airy, editor, Burnet's History of My Own Time, volume II, new edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1897, pages 108–109:
        [King Charles II] sent [the Earl of Essex] ambassador to Denmark, where his behaviour in the affair of the flag gained him much reputation: [] Lord Essex's first business was to justify his behaviour in refusing to strike. [] and he found very good materials to justify his conduct; since by former treaties it had been expressly stipulated, that the English ships of war should not strike in the Danish seas.
    3. To dismantle and take away (a theater set; a tent; etc.).
      • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, Ch.22:
        Strike the tent there!”—was the next order. As I hinted before, this whalebone marquee was never pitched except in port; and on board the Pequod, for thirty years, the order to strike the tent was well known to be the next thing to heaving up the anchor.
  7. (intransitive) To set off on a walk or trip.
    They struck off along the river.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
  8. (intransitive) To pass with a quick or strong effect; to dart; to penetrate.
  9. (dated) To break forth; to commence suddenly; with into.
    to strike into reputation;  to strike into a run
  10. (intransitive) To become attached to something; said of the spat of oysters.
  11. To make and ratify.
    to strike a bargain
  12. To level (a measure of grain, salt, etc.) with a straight instrument, scraping off what is above the level of the top.
  13. (masonry) To cut off (a mortar joint, etc.) even with the face of the wall, or inward at a slight angle.
  14. To hit upon, or light upon, suddenly.
    My eye struck a strange word in the text.  They soon struck the trail.
  15. (sugar-making, obsolete) To lade thickened sugar cane juice from a teache into a cooler.
    • 1793, Bryan Edwards, The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies, volume II, London: John Stockdale; republished in volume III, englarged and corrected edition, Philadelphia: James Humphreys, 1806, page 46:
      In the teache the subject is still further evaporated, till it is judged sufficiently boiled to be removed from the fire. This operation is usually called striking; (i.e.) lading the liquor, now exceedingly thick, into the cooler.
  16. To stroke or pass lightly; to wave.
    • Bible, 2 Kings v.11:
      Behold, I thought, He will [] strike his hand over the place, and recover the leper.
  17. (obsolete) To advance; to cause to go forward; used only in the past participle.
  18. To balance (a ledger or account).

Usage notesEdit

  • Custom influences which participle is used in set phrases and specific contexts, but in general, the past participle "struck" is more common when speaking of intransitive actions (e.g. He'd struck it rich, or He's struck out on his own, etc.), whereas "stricken" is more commonly used for transitive actions, especially constructions where the subject is the object of an implied action (e.g. The Court has stricken the statement from the record, or The city was stricken with disease, etc.)

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

NounEdit

strike (plural strikes)

  1. (baseball) A status resulting from a batter swinging and missing a pitch, or not swinging at a pitch when the ball goes in the strike zone, or hitting a foul ball that is not caught.
  2. (bowling) The act of knocking down all ten pins in on the first roll of a frame.
  3. A work stoppage (or otherwise concerted stoppage of an activity) as a form of protest.
  4. A blow or application of physical force against something.
    • 2008, Lich King, "Attack of the Wrath of the War of the Death of the Strike of the Sword of the Blood of the Beast", Toxic Zombie Onslaught
      He's got machine guns and hatchets and swords / And some missiles and foods with trans-fats / He will unleash mass destruction, you're dead / You just got smashed... by the ¶ Attack of the Wrath of the / War of the Death of the / Strike of the Sword of the / Blood... of the Beast
    Thus hand strikes now include single knuckle strikes, knife hand strikes, finger strikes, ridge hand strikes etc., and leg strikes include front kicks, knee strikes, axe kicks, ...
  5. (finance) In an option contract, the price at which the holder buys or sells if they choose to exercise the option.
  6. An old English measure of corn equal to the bushel.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, volume 4, page 207:
      The sum is also used for the quarter, and the strike for the bushel.
  7. (cricket) The status of being the batsman that the bowler is bowling at.
    The batsmen have crossed, and Dhoni now has the strike.
  8. The primary face of a hammer, opposite the peen.
  9. (geology) The compass direction of the line of intersection between a rock layer and the surface of the Earth.
  10. An instrument with a straight edge for levelling a measure of grain, salt, etc., scraping off what is above the level of the top; a strickle.
  11. (obsolete) Fullness of measure; hence, excellence of quality.
    • 1820, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe (Waverley Novels), volume III, Edinburgh; London: Archibald Constable and Co.; Hurst, Robinson and Co., pages 266–267:
      [] our cellarer shall have orders to deliver to thee a butt of sack, a runlet of Malvesie, and three hogsheads of ale of the first strike, yearly—If that will not quench thy thirst, thou must come to court, and become acquainted with my butler.
  12. An iron pale or standard in a gate or fence.
  13. (ironworking) A puddler's stirrer.
  14. (obsolete) The extortion of money, or the attempt to extort money, by threat of injury; blackmail.
  15. The discovery of a source of something.
    • 2013 August 3, “Yesterday’s fuel”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      The dawn of the oil age was fairly recent. Although the stuff was used to waterproof boats in the Middle East 6,000 years ago, extracting it in earnest began only in 1859 after an oil strike in Pennsylvania. The first barrels of crude fetched $18 (around $450 at today’s prices).
  16. The strike plate of a door.

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

DescendantsEdit

  • German: streiken

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

strike m (plural strikes)

  1. (bowling) a strike

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

strike m (invariable)

  1. strike (in baseball and ten-pin bowling)

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English strike.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

strike m (plural strikes)

  1. (bowling) strike (the act of knocking down all pins)
  2. (baseball) strike (the act of missing a swing at the ball)

SpanishEdit

NounEdit

strike m (plural strikes)

  1. (baseball) strike
  2. (bowling) strike