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JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
あく
Grade: 3
じゅん
Grade: S
かん
Grade: S
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

Compound of (aku, evil, wicked) +‎ 循環 (junkan, cycle).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

悪循環 (hiragana あくじゅんかん, rōmaji akujunkan, historical hiragana あくじゅんくわん)

  1. a vicious cycle, a vicious circle
     (あく) (じゅん) (かん) ()
    akujunkan o tatsu
    to break out of a vicious cycle

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN