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See also:
U+74B0, 環
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-74B0

[U+74AF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+74B1]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 96, +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一土田中女 (MGWLV), four-corner 16132, composition𤣩)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 743, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21287
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1152, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1140, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+74B0

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷraːn
*kʷraːn, *ɡʷraːns
*ɡʷraːn, *sɢʷan
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷeːns
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷen
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷraːns
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːns, *ɡʷeːnʔ
*sɢʷan, *sɢʷin
*qʰʷen
*qʰʷen
*qʰʷen, *qʰʷenʔ
*qʰʷen, *qʷen, *ɡʷeŋ
*qʰʷen
*kʷeːns
*kʷeːns
*qʷeːns
*ɡʷreːŋ, *ɡʷreːŋ
*ɡʷeŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷraːn): semantic  (jade) + phonetic  (OC *ɡʷeŋ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khoân - vernacular;
  • hoân - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xuan³⁵/
    Harbin /xuan²⁴/
    Tianjin /xuan⁴⁵/
    Jinan /xuã⁴²/
    Qingdao /xuã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xuan⁴²/
    Xi'an /xuã²⁴/
    Xining /xuã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /xuan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /xuɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /xuan⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xuan²¹³/
    Chengdu /xuan³¹/
    Guiyang /xuan²¹/
    Kunming /xuã̠³¹/
    Nanjing /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
    /xuaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /xuæ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xuæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /xuɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /xuæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /gue²³/
    Suzhou /gue̞¹³/
    Hangzhou /guõ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /va³¹/
    Hui Shexian /xuɛ⁴⁴/
    /uɛ⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /uːən⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /fan¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɸan¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /uan⁴⁵/ 耳環
    /fan⁴⁵/ 門~
    Hakka Meixian /fan¹¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰuɑn¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /wan²¹/
    Nanning /wan²¹/
    Hong Kong /wan²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan³⁵/
    /kʰuan³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuaŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /huaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (70)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠuan/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷᵚan/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwaɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuan/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣwan/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣwan/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwæn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ɢʷˤ<r>en/
    English ring (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16231
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷraːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. circle; ring
    2. round
    3. to surround
    4. (mathematics) ring

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. circle, ring, wheel

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (hwæn).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かん, rōmaji kan, historical hiragana くわん)

    1. ring
    2. (algebra) ring

    PrefixEdit

    (hiragana かん, rōmaji kan-, historical hiragana くわん)

    1. circum-

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji wa)

    1. a ring or circle shape (such as a ring for a finger, or Saturn's rings)
    2. a hoop (such as for a barrel)
    3. a wheel (as of a vehicle)
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    たまき
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Originally a compound of (ta, hand, ancient combining form of modern te) +‎ 巻き (maki, winding, wrapping, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 巻く maku, “to wind, to wrap”), from the way that the bracelet would be worn around the wrist.

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana たまき, rōmaji tamaki)

    1. an ancient bracelet strung with jewels or bells and worn at the elbow
    2. a longer tube-shaped gauntlet to protect the hand during archery
    3. (obsolete) an ancient jewel or other stone in the shape of a ring
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ゆびまき
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Originally a compound of (yubi, finger, ancient combining form of modern te) +‎ 巻き (maki, winding, wrapping, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 巻く maku, “to wind, to wrap”), from the way that the ring would be worn around a finger.

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ゆびまき, rōmaji yubimaki)

    1. (obsolete) an ancient jewel or other stone in the shape of a ring
    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (hwan) (hangeul )

    1. jade ring or bracelet
    2. ring

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hoàn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.