ChineseEdit

 
clear; bright; to understand
clear; bright; to understand; next; the Ming dynasty
king; Wang (proper name)
simp. and trad.
(明王)

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit विद्याराज (vidyārāja, knowledge king)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

明王

  1. (literary, honorific) enlightened sage (referring to the monarch)

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (明王):
  • Japanese: 明王(みょうおう) (myōō)
  • Korean: 명왕 (明王, myeong'wang)

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
明王 (myōō): a statue of a Wisdom King, specifically Fudō Myōō.
Kanji in this term
みょう
Grade: 2
おう
Grade: 1
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

Buddhist term, imported into Japanese when Buddhism was introduced to Japan, some time during the Kofun, Asuka, and Nara periods.

From Middle Chinese 明王 (*miæng *hiuɑng, literally wisdom king), itself a translation of Sanskrit विद्याराज (vidyārāja, knowledge king).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(みょう)(おう) (myōō

  1. (religion, Buddhism) a Wisdom King in Vajrayana Buddhism
    Also called a Guardian King.
  2. (religion, Buddhism) short for 五大明王 (​Go Dai Myōō), the Five Wisdom Kings
  3. (religion, Buddhism) by extension, more specifically refers to 不動明王 (​Fudō Myōō), the central figure of the Five Wisdom Kings
  4. (rare) a wise gentleman

Derived termsEdit

  • 五大明王 (ごだいみょうおう, ​Go Dai Myōō): the Five Wisdom Kings

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN