See also: 科學


For pronunciation and definitions of – see 科學 (“science; scientific; systematic; methodical”).
(This term, 科学, is the simplified form of 科學.)


Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
Grade: 1
Alternative spelling
科學 (kyūjitai)
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First attested in the mid-Meiji period as a translation of English science.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Coined in Japan of Middle Chinese-derived elements (ka, field) +‎ (-gaku, school, study).



()(がく) (kagakuくわがく (kwagaku)? (kyūjitai 科學)

  1. science
    Teikyō Kagaku Daigaku
    Teikyo University of Science
  1. a field of study

Usage notesEdit

Sometimes pronounced as しな学 (shinagaku) in order to differentiate from the homophone and phonetically identical 化学 (kagaku, chemistry). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ 科学”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ 科学”, in 世界大百科事典 第2版 (Sekai Dai-hyakka Jiten Dainiban, Heibonsha World Encyclopedia Second Edition)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, 1998
  5. 5.0 5.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. ^ 科学”, in ブリタニカ国際大百科事典 小項目事典 (Buritanika Kokusai Dai Hyakka Jiten: Shō Kōmoku Jiten, Encyclopædia Britannica International: Micropædia)[3] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Britannica Japan Co., Ltd., 2014
  7. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  8. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN