See also: 化學

Chinese edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 化學 (“study of change/transformations; chemistry; celluloid; etc.”).
(This term is the simplified form of 化學).
Notes:

Japanese edit

 
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Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
がく
Grade: 1
kan’on
Alternative spelling
化學 (kyūjitai)

Orthographic borrowing from Chinese 化學化学 (huàxué, literally change + study).[1]

Apparently first cited anywhere in an 1855 text in Chinese, in the diary of noted intellectual Wang Tao.[1] First cited in Japanese in an 1860 translation of a Dutch text by 川本幸民 (Kawamoto Kōmin).[1]

Superseded older term 舎密 (seimi).[1][2][3]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

()(がく) (kagakuくわがく (kwagaku)?

  1. [from 1860] chemistry (branch of natural science)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
ば(け)
Grade: 3
がく
Grade: 1
kun’yomi kan’on
Alternative spelling
化學 (kyūjitai)

Reanalysis of 化学 (kagaku), as a compound of 化け (bake, stem of 化ける (bakeru, to transform)) +‎ (-gaku, -logy; -graphy). Alternative reading sometimes used to differentiate from phonetically identical 科学 (kagaku, science).[1][2][3][4][6]

First cited to a 1967 novel by 大原富枝 (Ōhara Tomie).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(ばけ)(がく) (bakegaku

  1. [from 1967] chemistry (branch of natural science)

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 化学”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. 2.0 2.1 Shinmura, Izuru, editor (1998) 広辞苑 [Kōjien] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997) 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  6. ^ 化学”, in デジタル大辞泉 [Digital Daijisen]‎[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, updated roughly every four months