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U+79D1, 科
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79D1

[U+79D0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79D2]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 115, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木卜十 (HDYJ), four-corner 24900, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 850, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24950
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1274, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2595, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+79D1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰoːl, *kʰoːls
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːls

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (grain) +  (measuring tool).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khe/kher - vernacular (rare in Taiwan, not used in Zhangzhou);
  • kho - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (29) (29)
    Final () (95) (95)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰwa/ /kʰwaH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kuō kuò
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 4926 4930
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3 3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰoːl/ /*kʰoːls/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. sort; class; kind
    2. law; regulation
    3. (historical) imperial examination
    4. article; clause
    5. norms; rules
    6. division; branch (of study) (Classifier: )
    7. section; department
    8. (taxonomy) family
    9. to pass a sentence
    10. to check; to examine
    11. to punish; to fine or levy taxes

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. grade
    2. categorized classes or the text of law
    3. graded crimes
    4. examinations graded in classes
    5. divide taxes or crimes
    6. a (circular) hole

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • New Nelson: 4130
    • Halpern: 1138
    • Halpern Learners: 775
    • Heisig: 1179
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 5d4.3
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -ka)

    1. department, section
    2. (taxonomy) family

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    とが
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    NounEdit

    (hiragana とが, rōmaji toga)

    1. crime; wrongdoing
      • 1916, 森鷗外, 高瀬舟
        高瀬舟 (たかせぶね) ()罪人 (ざいにん) () (はん)は、いわゆる心得違 (こころえちが)いのために、 (おも)わぬ (とが) (おか)した (ひと)であった。
        Takasebune ni noru zainin no kahan wa, iwayuru kokoroechigai no tame ni, omowanu toga o okashita hito deatta.
        The majority of the criminals who rode Takase-bune were people who unwittingly committed crimes due to what we call misunderstandings.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gwa) (hangeul , revised gwa, McCune–Reischauer kwa, Yale kwa)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (khoa)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.