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U+79D1, 科
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79D1

[U+79D0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79D2]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 115, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木卜十 (HDYJ), four-corner 24900, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 850, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24950
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1274, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2595, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+79D1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰoːl, *kʰoːls
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːls

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰoːl, *kʰoːls) and ideogrammic compound (會意): phonetic  (OC *ɡoːl, grain) + semantic  (measuring tool).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • khe/kher - vernacular (rare in Taiwan, not used in Zhangzhou);
  • kho - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (95)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰuɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰuɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰuɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰwa/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰuɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰuɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰuɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kuō
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 4926
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰoːl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. sort; class; kind
    2. law; regulation
    3. (historical) imperial examination
    4. article; clause
    5. norms; rules
    6. division; branch (of study) (Classifier: )
    7. section; department
    8. (taxonomy) family
    9. to pass a sentence
    10. to check; to examine
    11. to punish; to fine or levy taxes

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (95)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰuɑH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰuɑH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰuɑH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰwaH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰuɑH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰuɑH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰuɑH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kuò
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 4930
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰoːls/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to grow; to tiller

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. grade
    2. categorized classes or the text of law
    3. graded crimes
    4. examinations graded in classes
    5. divide taxes or crimes
    6. a (circular) hole

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • New Nelson: 4130
    • Halpern: 1138
    • Halpern Learners: 775
    • Heisig: 1179
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 5d4.3
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -ka, historical hiragana くわ)

    1. department, section
    2. (taxonomy) family

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    とが
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    NounEdit

    (hiragana とが, rōmaji toga)

    1. crime; wrongdoing
      • 1916, 森鷗外, 高瀬舟
        高瀬舟 (たかせぶね) ()罪人 (ざいにん)過半 (かはん)は、いわゆる心得違 (こころえちが)いのために、 (おも)わぬ (とが) (おか)した (ひと)であった。
        Takasebune ni noru zainin no kahan wa, iwayuru kokoroechigai no tame ni, omowanu toga o okashita hito deatta.
        The majority of the criminals who rode Takase-bune were people who unwittingly committed crimes due to what we call misunderstandings.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gwa) (hangeul , revised gwa, McCune–Reischauer kwa, Yale kwa)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (khoa)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.