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U+79D1, 科
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79D1

[U+79D0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79D2]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 115 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木卜十 (HDYJ), four-corner 24900, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 850, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24950
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1274, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2595, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+79D1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰoːl, *kʰoːls
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːls

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (grain) +  (measuring tool).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khe/kher - vernacular (rare in Taiwan, not used in Zhangzhou);
  • kho - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (95) (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwa/ /kʰwaH/
Li
Rong
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Wang
Li
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuō kuò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4926 4930
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoːl/ /*kʰoːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sort; class; kind
  2. law; regulation
  3. (historical) imperial examination
  4. article; clause
  5. norms; rules
  6. division; branch (of study) (Classifier: )
  7. section; department
  8. (taxonomy) family
  9. to pass a sentence
  10. to check; to examine
  11. to punish; to fine or levy taxes

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. grade
  2. categorized classes or the text of law
  3. graded crimes
  4. examinations graded in classes
  5. divide taxes or crimes
  6. a (circular) hole

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 4130
  • Halpern: 1138
  • Halpern Learners: 775
  • Heisig: 1179
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 5d4.3
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on'yomi

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji -ka)

  1. department, section
  2. (taxonomy) family

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
とが
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana とが, rōmaji toga)

  1. crime; wrongdoing
    • 森鷗外, 高瀬舟
      高瀬舟 (たかせぶね) ()罪人 (ざいにん)過半 (かはん)は、いわゆる心得違 (こころえちが)いのために、 (おも)わぬ (とが) (おか)した (ひと)であった。
      Takasebune ni noru zainin no kahan wa, iwayuru kokoroechigai no tame ni, omowanu toga o okashita hito deatta.
      The majority of the criminals who rode Takase-bune were people who unwittingly committed crimes due to what we call misunderstandings.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gwa) (hangeul , revised gwa, McCune-Reischauer kwa, Yale kwa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khoa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.