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JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
きょう
Hyōgaiji
こつ
Grade: 6
on’yomi

/kepukotu//keɸukot͡su//keukot͡su//kjoːkot͡su/

From Middle Chinese compound 頰骨 (kiep? kwot, literally cheek + bone).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

頬骨 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 頰骨, hiragana きょうこつ, rōmaji kyōkotsu, historical hiragana けふこつ)

  1. cheekbone
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ほお
Hyōgaiji
ほね > ぼね
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Compound of (, cheek, jaw) +‎ (hone, bone).[2][1] The hone changes to bone as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

頬骨 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 頰骨, hiragana ほおぼね, rōmaji hōbone, historical hiragana ほほぼね)

  1. cheekbone
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
つら
Hyōgaiji
ほね > ぼね
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Compound of (tsura, face; cheek) +‎ (hone, bone).[2][1] The hone changes to bone as an instance of rendaku (連濁). The tsura reading for is rare.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

頬骨 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 頰骨, hiragana つらぼね, rōmaji tsurabone)

  1. cheekbone
  2. one's facial features, one's looks
SynonymsEdit
Usage notesEdit

The cheekbone sense is more commonly expressed with the reading hōbone.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan