구르다

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 그울다〮 (Yale: kùwùl-tá). Also attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 구울다〮 (Yale: kwùwùl-tá).

Ultimately from pre-Middle Korean <*kùpùl(úl)-> or <*kwùpùl(úl)-> (Vovin 2010, p. 157), which seems to be a compound, though likely no longer analyzable. Conservative dialects in southeastern Korea still preserve the /-p-/ in this word. Perhaps related to the ideophone 구불구불 (gubulgubul, meanderingly), and perhaps also to 굽다 (gupda, to be curved), in the sense that curved things (e.g. wheels) roll.

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gureuda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?guleuda
McCune–Reischauer?kurŭda
Yale Romanization?kwuluta

VerbEdit

Korean verb set
Base 구르다 (gureuda)
Causative굴리다 (gullida)

구르다 (gureuda) (infinitive 굴러, sequential 구르니)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to roll, to roll over
ConjugationEdit
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 구르〮다〮 (Yale: kwùlú-tá).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈku(ː)ɾɯda̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gureuda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?guleuda
McCune–Reischauer?kurŭda
Yale Romanization?kwūluta

VerbEdit

구르다 (gureuda) (infinitive 굴러, sequential 구르니)

  1. (transitive) to stamp, to pound (one's feet)
    동동 구르다bar-eul dongdong gureudato stamp one's feet nervously
ConjugationEdit