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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

roll (third-person singular simple present rolls, present participle rolling, simple past and past participle rolled)

  1. (ergative) To cause to revolve by turning over and over; to move by turning on an axis; to impel forward by causing to turn over and over on a supporting surface.
    To roll a wheel, a ball, or a barrel.
    • c. 1599, William Shakespeare, The Life of Henry the Fifth
      And her foot, look you, is fixed upon a spherical stone, which rolls, and rolls, and rolls.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses Chapter 13
      The gentleman aimed the ball once or twice and then threw it up the strand towards Cissy Caffrey but it rolled down the slope and stopped right under Gerty's skirt near the little pool by the rock.
  2. (intransitive) To turn over and over.
    The child will roll on the floor.
  3. To tumble in gymnastics; to do a somersault.
  4. (transitive) To wrap (something) round on itself; to form into a spherical or cylindrical body by causing to turn over and over.
    To roll a sheet of paper; to roll clay or putty into a ball.
  5. (transitive) To bind or involve by winding, as in a bandage; to enwrap; often with up.
    To roll up the map for shipping.
  6. (intransitive) To be wound or formed into a cylinder or ball.
    The cloth rolls unevenly; the snow rolls well.
  7. (ergative) To drive or impel forward with an easy motion, as of rolling.
    This river will roll its waters to the ocean.
  8. (ergative) To utter copiously, especially with sounding words; to utter with a deep sound; — often with forth, or out.
    To roll forth someone's praises; to roll out sentences.
  9. To press or level with a roller; to spread or form with a roll, roller, or rollers.
    to roll a field;  to roll paste to roll steel rails.
  10. (intransitive) To spread itself under a roller or rolling-pin.
    The pastry rolls well.
  11. (ergative) To move, or cause to be moved, upon, or by means of, rollers or small wheels.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
      We expressed our readiness, and in ten minutes were in the station wagon, rolling rapidly down the long drive, for it was then after nine. We passed on the way the van of the guests from Asquith.
    • 2013 June 1, “Ideas coming down the track”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 13 (Technology Quarterly):
      A “moving platform” scheme [] is more technologically ambitious than maglev trains even though it relies on conventional rails. Local trains would use side-by-side rails to roll alongside intercity trains and allow passengers to switch trains by stepping through docking bays.
  12. (chiefly US, Canada, colloquial) To leave or begin a journey.
    I want to get there early; let's roll.
  13. (chiefly US, Canada, colloquial) To compete, especially with vigor.
    OK guys, we're only down by two points. Let's roll!
  14. To beat with rapid, continuous strokes, as a drum; to sound a roll upon.
  15. (geometry) To apply (one line or surface) to another without slipping; to bring all the parts of (one line or surface) into successive contact with another, in such a manner that at every instant the parts that have been in contact are equal.
  16. To turn over in one's mind; to revolve.
  17. (US, slang) To behave in a certain way; to adopt a general disposition toward a situation.
    I was going to kick his ass, but he wasn't worth getting all worked up over; I don't roll like that.
    • 2006, Chris McKenna, "Kids at party chant as police sergeant is beaten by angry teens", Times Herald-Record (Middletown, NY), Tuesday, November 21, [1].
      "This is how we roll in Spring Valley," one teen reportedly boasted.
  18. (dice games, transitive, intransitive) To throw dice.
  19. (dice games, transitive) To roll dice such that they form a given pattern or total.
    If you roll doubles, you get an extra turn.
    With two dice, you're more likely to roll seven than ten.
  20. (role-playing games) To create a new character in a role-playing game, especially by using dice to determine properties.
    I'm gonna go and roll a new shaman tonight.
  21. (computing) To generate a random number.
  22. (nautical, of a vessel) To rotate on its fore-and-aft axis, causing its sides to go up and down. Compare with pitch.
  23. (transitive) To beat up; to attack and cause physical damage to.
    • 2006, Elizabeth Gaffney, Metropolis‎, page 422:
      They rolled him for his money, and that would have been that, but the guy tried to fight back.
  24. (transitive, slang) To cause to betray secrets or to testify for the prosecution.
    The feds rolled him by giving him a free pass for most of what he'd done.
  25. (intransitive, slang) To betray secrets.
    He rolled on those guys after being in jail two days.
  26. (slang) To be under the influence of MDMA (a psychedelic stimulant, also known as ecstasy).
    • 2000, Michael Sunstar, Underground Rave Dance,[2] Writers Club Press, →ISBN, page 15:
      Cindy replied, “Wow, that’s great. Did you try E at those parties?” Steel said, “Oh yeah. I was rolling hard at the Willy Wonka party.”
    • 2003, Karin Slaughter, A Faint Cold Fear (novel), HarperCollins, →ISBN, page 169:
      The crowd was rolling on Ecstasy, and the lights enhanced the experience. [] He would use it to keep his teeth from chattering while he was rolling.
    • a. 2007, unidentified Internet user quoted in Joseph A. Kotarba, “Music as a Feature of the Online Discussion of Illegal Drugs”, in Edward Murguía et al. (editors), Real Drugs in a Virtual World: Drug Discourse and Community Online, Lexington Books (2007), →ISBN
      So the quesion is When you are rolling what gets you in that “ecstasy” state more: hard pounding energetic music or smoother and gentler music? Personally for me its gentler music because when I’m rolling my mind can’t really keep up with all the hard pounding intriquet sounds []
  27. (intransitive, of a camera) To film.
    The cameras are rolling.
  28. (transitive, soccer) To slip past (a defender) with the ball.
    • 2012 April 15, Phil McNulty, “Tottenham 1-5 Chelsea”, in BBC:
      So it was against the run of play that their London rivals took the lead two minutes before the interval through Drogba. He rolled William Gallas inside the area before flashing a stunning finish high past keeper Carlo Cudicini.
    • 2014, Jacob Steinberg, "Wigan shock Manchester City in FA Cup again to reach semi-finals", The Guardian, 9 March 2014:
      Rolled far too easily by Marc-Antoine Fortuné, Demichelis compounded his error by standing on the striker's foot. In the absence of the injured Watson, Gómez converted the penalty.
  29. To have a rolling aspect.
    the hills rolled on
  30. (figuratively, intranstive) To perform a periodical revolution; to move onward as with a revolution.
    The years roll on.
  31. To move, like waves or billows, with alternate swell and depression.
  32. (figuratively, intransitive) to move and cause an effect on someone
    • 1718, Matthew Prior, Solomon On The Vanity Of The World
      Here tell me, if thou darest, my conscious soul,
      what different sorrows did within thee roll?
  33. (intransitive) To make a loud or heavy rumbling noise.
    The thunder rolled and the lightning flashed.
  34. (transitive, US) To toilet-paper.
    The kids rolled the principal's house and yard.
  35. To create a customized version of something.
    • 2000, Mark F. Komarinski and Cary Collett, Red Hat Linux System Administration Handbook, page 311, [3]
      Let's go through and outline how you might roll a kernel for a networked Linux machine you are using as your desktop machine and a file server for a network of Windows and Mac machines.
    • 2006, Keyboard, volume 32, page 188, [4]
      The clap in "Situation" is a standard Roland TR- 808 clap with a some compression and a bunch of reverb. But we can roll our own version using a soft synth and a have more flexibility, specifically in getting the extra decay for full "smash," as opposed to the short clap on Roland TR-808 and TR-909 drum machines.
    • 2010, Joseph Rattz and Adam Freeman, Pro LINQ: Language Integrated Query in C# 2010, page 208, [5]
      For the second prototype's example, shown in Listing 5–64, we roll our own version of the Sum operator.
    • 2015, Hyer Thomas, Derivatives Algorithms - Volume 1: Bones (Second Edition), page 135, [6]
      We implement Cube_ as a special case of an N-dimensional array. Unfortunately, our need to efficiently Swap with lower-dimensional containers is not supported by the boost::multi_array template, so we must roll our own.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

roll (plural rolls)

  1. The act of rolling, or state of being rolled.
    the roll of a ball
    Look at the roll of the waves.
  2. A forward or backward roll in gymnastics; going head over heels. A tumble.
  3. That which rolls; a roller.
    1. A heavy cylinder used to break clods.
    2. One of a set of revolving cylinders, or rollers, between which metal is pressed, formed, or smoothed, as in a rolling mill.
      to pass rails through the rolls
    3. That which is rolled up.
      a roll of fat, of wool, paper, cloth, etc.
    4. A document written on a piece of parchment, paper, or other materials which may be rolled up; a scroll.
      • 1718, Matthew Prior, Solomon On The Vanity Of The World
        Busy angels spread / The lasting roll, recording what we say.
    5. Hence, an official or public document; a register; a record; also, a catalogue; a list.
      • Sir M. Hale,
        The rolls of Parliament, the entry of the petitions, answers, and transactions in Parliament, are extant.
      • Sir J. Davies
        The roll and list of that army doth remain.
    6. A quantity of cloth wound into a cylindrical form.
      a roll of carpeting; a roll of ribbon
    7. A cylindrical twist of tobacco.
  4. A kind of shortened raised biscuit or bread, often rolled or doubled upon itself; see also bread roll.
  5. (nautical, aviation) The oscillating movement of a nautical vessel as it rotates from side to side, on its fore-and-aft axis, causing its sides to go up and down, as distinguished from the alternate rise and fall of bow and stern called pitching; or the equivalent in an aircraft.
  6. (nautical) The measure or extent to which a vessel rotates from side to side, on its fore-and-aft axis.
  7. A heavy, reverberatory sound.
    Hear the roll of cannon.
    Hear the roll of thunder.
  8. The uniform beating of a drum with strokes so rapid as scarcely to be distinguished by the ear.
  9. (obsolete) Part; office; duty; rôle.
  10. A measure of parchments, containing five dozen.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 594:
      Parchement is sold by the dozen, and by the roll of five dozens.
  11. The rotation angle about the longitudinal axis.
    Calculate the roll of that aircraft.
  12. The act of, or total resulting from, rolling one or more dice.
    Make your roll.
    Whoever gets the highest roll moves first.
  13. A winning streak of continuing luck, especially at gambling (and especially in the phrase on a roll).
    He is on a roll tonight.
  14. A training match for a fighting dog.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

roll c

  1. role
  2. roll - the rotation angle about the longitudinal axis

DeclensionEdit

Declension of roll 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative roll rollen roller rollerna
Genitive rolls rollens rollers rollernas

Derived termsEdit