First attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean 바독〮 (Yale: pàtwók).

While not perceived as a compound by any modern speakers, most likely originally (Yale: pàth, “cultivated field”) + *돍〯 (Yale: twǒlk, “stone”, presumed dialectal variant of Seoul 돓〯 (twǒlh, stone) whence modern dialectal (dok, stone)), in reference to the checkerboard lines resembling a plowed field and the stones used to play the game (Martin 1996, p. 36). Other etymologies for the first element have been speculatively offered but are not plausible.


Revised Romanization?baduk
Revised Romanization (translit.)?badug
Yale Romanization?patwuk


바둑 (baduk)

  1. (board games) the game of Go, an ancient East Asian board game based on surrounding the opponent's territory
  2. go stone; the black and white stones used in the game of Go

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