From Middle English game, gamen, gammen, from Old English gamen (“sport, joy, mirth, pastime, game, amusement, pleasure”), from Proto-Germanic *gamaną (“amusement, pleasure, game", literally "participation, communion, people together”), from *ga- (collective prefix) + *mann- (“man”); or alternatively from *ga- + a root from Proto-Indo-European *men- (“to think, have in mind”). Cognate with Middle High German gamen (“joy, amusement, fun, pleasure”), Swedish gamman (“mirth, rejoicing, merriment”), Icelandic gaman (“fun”). Related to gammon, gamble.
game (countable and uncountable, plural games)
- A playful or competitive activity.
- A playful activity that may be unstructured; an amusement or pastime.
Being a child is all fun and games.
- (countable) An activity described by a set of rules, especially for the purpose of entertainment, often competitive or having an explicit goal.
Games in the classroom can make learning fun.
- 1983, Lawrence Lasker, Walter F. Parkes, and Walon Green, WarGames, MGM/UA Entertainment Co.:
- Joshua: Shall we play a game?
- (countable) A particular instance of playing a game; match.
Sally won the game.
They can turn the game around in the second half.
- That which is gained, such as the stake in a game.
- The number of points necessary to win a game.
In short whist, five points are game.
- (card games) In some games, a point awarded to the player whose cards add up to the largest sum.
- (countable) The equipment that enables such activity, particularly as packaged under a title.
Some of the games in the closet we have on the computer as well.
- One's manner, style, or performance in playing a game.
Study can help your game of chess.
Hit the gym if you want to toughen up your game.
- 1951, J. D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye, chapter 11:
- I played golf with her that same afternoon. She lost eight balls, I remember. Eight. I had a terrible time getting her to at least open her eyes when she took a swing at the ball. I improved her game immensely, though.
- (obsolete, uncountable) An amorous dalliance.
- (countable) A video game.
- (countable, informal, nearly always singular) A field of gainful activity, as an industry or profession.
When it comes to making sales, John is the best in the game.
He's in the securities game somehow.
- (countable, figuratively) Something that resembles a game with rules, despite not being designed.
In the game of life, you may find yourself playing the waiting game far too often.
1599, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Henry the Fift”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act THIRD, (please specify the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals)]:
- I see you stand like greyhounds in the slips, straining upon the start. The game’s afoot!
- 1908, W[illiam] B[lair] M[orton] Ferguson, Zollenstein, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 29686887 , chapter I:
- “I'm through with all pawn-games,” I laughed. “Come, let us have a game of lansquenet. Either I will take a farewell fall out of you or you will have your sevenfold revenge”.
- (countable, military) An exercise simulating warfare, whether computerized or involving human participants.
- (uncountable) Wild animals hunted for food.
The forest has plenty of game.
- (uncountable, informal, used mostly of males) The ability to seduce someone, usually by strategy.
He didn't get anywhere with her because he had no game.
- She's strange, so strange, but I didn't complain, she said "yes" to me when I ran my game (Wikipedia:She's Strange (song))
- (uncountable, slang) Mastery; the ability to excel at something.
2005, Kermit Ernest Campbell, Gettin' Our Groove on: Rhetoric, Language, and Literacy for the Hip Hop Generation, →ISBN, page 123:
- In the contemporary arts of the academic contact zone, I say African American students got game!
2009, Michael Marshall, Bad Things, →ISBN, page 24:
- My dad had game at that kind of thing, and I spent long periods as a child watching him.
- (countable) A questionable or unethical practice in pursuit of a goal; a scheme.
You want to borrow my credit card for a week? What's your game?
- Blackwood Magazine
- Your murderous game is nearly up.
- George Saintsbury (1845-1933)
- It was obviously Lord Macaulay's game to blacken the greatest literary champion of the cause he had set himself to attack.
- See also Thesaurus:game
- (synonyms to be checked): pastime, play, recreation, frolic, sport, diversion, fun, amusement, merriment, festivity, entertainment, spree, prank, lark, gambol, merrymaking, gaiety
- (instance of gameplay): match
- (field of gainful activity): line
- (military): wargame
- (business or occupation): racket
- (questionable practices): racket
Terms derived from game (noun)
- Japanese: ゲーム (gēmu)
- Welsh: gêm
playful activity that may be unstructured, amusement, pastime
- Afrikaans: spel
- Albanian: lojë (sq) f
- Vidari: وازی (vāzzi)
- Arabic: لَعْب (ar) m (laʿb)
- Egyptian Arabic: لعب m (leʿb)
- Moroccan Arabic: laeb (laeib)
- Aragonese: chuego m
- Armenian: խաղ (hy) (xał)
- Assamese: খেল (khel)
- Asturian: xuegu (ast) m
- Azerbaijani: tamaşa (az), oyun (az)
- Baluchi: لیب (layb), لعب (la'b)
- Bashkir: уйын (uyïn)
- Belarusian: гу́льня f (húlʹnja), ігра́ f (ihrá)
- Bengali: খেলা (bn) (khela)
- Bulgarian: игра́ (bg) f (igrá)
- Burmese: အားကစား (my) (a:ka.ca:)
- Catalan: joc (ca) m
- Mandarin: 遊戲 (zh), 游戏 (zh) (yóuxì)
- Chukchi: увичвын (uvičvyn)
- Czech: hra (cs) f
- Danish: spil
- Dutch: spel (nl) n, spelleke n (Flemish)
- Esperanto: ludo
- Estonian: mäng
- Ewe: kɔɖiɖi n
- Extremaduran: juegu
- Finnish: leikki (fi)
- French: jeu (fr) m
- Friulian: zûc m, ğûc m
- Galician: xogo m
- Georgian: თამაში (tamaši)
- German: Spiel (de) n
- Greek: παιχνίδι (el) n (paichnídi)
- Guató: please add this translation if you can:
- Hebrew: מִשְׂחָק (he) m (miskhák)
- Hindi: खेल (hi) m (khel)
- Hungarian: játék (hu) m
- Icelandic: leikur (is) m, spil (is) n, tafl (is) n
- Ido: ludo (io), ludajo
- Indonesian: permainan (id)
- Interlingua: joco
- Italian: gioco (it) m
- Japanese: 遊び (ja) (あそび, asobi), 遊戯 (ja) (ゆうぎ, yūgi), ゲーム (ja) (gēmu)
- Javanese: gim (jv), dolanan (jv)
- Kazakh: ойын (oyın)
- Khmer: ល្បែង (km) (lbaeng)
- Korean: 놀이 (ko) (nori), 게임 (ko) (geim)
- Sorani: گەمە (ku) (geme), یاری (yarí), وازی (ku) (wazí)
- Kyrgyz: ойноо (ky) (oynoo)
- Ladino: djogo, djugo
- Lao: ກິລາ (lo) (ki lā)
- Latin: lūdus m
- Latvian: spēle (lv) f, miesla f (dated)
- Lithuanian: žaidimas m
- Luhya: kumwinya
- Macedonian: игра f (igra)
- Malay: permainan
- Maori: whakaraka (one designed to improve dexterity), kēmu
- Marathi: खेल m (khel)
- Middle Persian: 𐭥𐭠𐭦𐭩𐭢 (wāzīg, vāzīg)
- Mongolian: тоглоом (mn) (togloom)
- Norwegian: spill (no) (a game with a winner), lek (no) (a game without a winner)
- Occitan: jòc (oc)
- Persian: بازی (fa) (bâzi)
- Polish: gra (pl) f, zabawa (pl) f
- Portuguese: jogo (pt) m
- Romanian: joc (ro) n
- Romansch: gieu m, giug m, gioi m, gi m, gö m
- Russian: игра́ (ru) f (igrá)
- Scots: gemme
- Scottish Gaelic: gaim
- Cyrillic: игра f
- Roman: igra (sh) f
- Sicilian: jocu (scn) m
- Slovak: hra f
- Slovene: igra (sl) f, tekma (sl) f (a sport)
- Lower Sorbian: graśe n
- Upper Sorbian: hra f
- Spanish: juego (es) m, ludo (es) m
- Old Spanish: juego, iuego
- Swahili: mchezo (sw)
- Swedish: spel (sv) n (a game with a winner), lek (sv) (a game without a winner)
- Tajik: бози (bozi)
- Tatar: уен (tt) (uyen), уйын (uyın)
- Telugu: ఆట (te) (āṭa)
- Thai: กีฬา (th) (gii-laa), เกม (th) (geem)
- Turkish: oyun (tr)
- Turkmen: oýun
- Ukrainian: гра (uk) f (hra) / ігра́ f (ihrá)
- Urdu: کھیل m (khel)
- Uzbek: o'yin (uz), oʻyin (uz)
- Vietnamese: trò chơi (vi)
- Walloon: djeu (wa) m
- Welsh: gêm (cy)
- Yiddish: שפּיל f, n (shpil)
- Zazaki: khay
activity described by a set of rules, especially for the purpose of entertainment
particular instance of playing a game; match
that which is gained, such as the stake in a game
number of points necessary to win a game
card games: point awarded to the player whose cards add up to the largest sum
equipment that enables such activity, particularly as packaged under a title
one's manner, style, or performance in playing a game
field of an industry or profession
something that resembles a game with rules
exercise simulating warfare
wild animals hunted for food
ability to successfully seduce someone
mastery; the ability to excel at something
questionable, unethical, or illegal practice
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
game (comparative gamer, superlative gamest)
- (colloquial) Willing to participate.
2016 February 23, Robbie Collin, “Grimsby review: ' Sacha Baron Cohen's vital, venomous action movie'”, in The Daily Telegraph (London):
- Some of Grimsby’s other (extraordinarily up-to-date) targets include Donald Trump and Daniel Radcliffe, whose fates here are too breath-catchingly cruel to spoil, and also the admirably game Strong, whose character is beset by a constant stream of humiliations that hit with the force of a jet of…well, you’ll see.
- (of an animal) That shows a tendency to continue to fight against another animal, despite being wounded, often severely.
- Persistent, especially in senses similar to the above.
- Injured, lame (of a limb).
- around 1900, O. Henry, Lost on Dress Parade
- You come with me and we'll have a cozy dinner and a pleasant talk together, and by that time your game ankle will carry you home very nicely, I am sure."
game (third-person singular simple present games, present participle gaming, simple past and past participle gamed)
- (intransitive) To gamble.
- (intransitive) To play video games.
- (transitive) To exploit loopholes in a system or bureaucracy in a way which defeats or nullifies the spirit of the rules in effect, usually to obtain a result which otherwise would be unobtainable.
- We'll bury them in paperwork, and game the system.
- (transitive, slang, of males) To perform premeditated seduction strategy.
- 2005, "Picking up the pieces", The Economist, 6 October 2005:
- Returning briefly to his journalistic persona to interview Britney Spears, he finds himself gaming her, and she gives him her phone number.
- 2010, Mystery, The Pickup Artist: The New and Improved Art of Seduction, Villard Books (2010), →ISBN, page 100:
- A business associate of mine at the time, George Wu, sat across the way, gaming a stripper the way I taught him.
- 2010, Sheila McClear, "Would you date a pickup artist?", New York Post, 9 July 2010:
- How did Amanda know she wasn’t getting gamed? Well, she didn’t. “I would wonder, ‘Is he saying stuff to other girls that he says to me?’ We did everything we could to cut it off . . . yet we somehow couldn’t.”
To play games and be a gamer
to defeat the rules in order to obtain a result