U+B3C5, 독
HANGUL SYLLABLE DOG
Composition: + +

[U+B3C4]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B3C6]




뎨 ←→ 돠

Korean edit

Etymology 1 edit

First attested in the Hunminjeong'eum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean  (Yale: twòk).

Pronunciation edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dok
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dog
McCune–Reischauer?tok
Yale Romanization?tok
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 의 / 에 / 독

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word takes low pitch only before consonant-initial multisyllabic suffixes.

Noun edit

(dok)

  1. jar, pot (made of clay)
    dok an-e deun jwibeing in a helpless situation (literally, “a rat in a jar”)
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Sino-Korean word from . From Middle Korean 독〮 (Yale: twók).

Pronunciation edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dok
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dog
McCune–Reischauer?tok
Yale Romanization?tok
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 에 /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.

Noun edit

(dok) (hanja )

  1. poison; venom
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dok
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dog
McCune–Reischauer?tok
Yale Romanization?tok

Proper noun edit

(Dok) (hanja )

  1. Short for 독일(獨逸) (Dogil, Germany).
Usage notes edit
  • In news headlines, this is usually written solely in the hanja form, even in contemporary Korean text otherwise devoid of any hanja.

Prefix edit

독— (dok-) (hanja )

  1. by/for a single person
    독(獨) (dok) + ‎무대(舞臺) (mudae, stage) → ‎독무대(獨舞臺) (dongmudae, having the stage to oneself)

Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

Borrowed from English dock.

Pronunciation edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dok
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dog
McCune–Reischauer?tok
Yale Romanization?tok

Noun edit

(dok)

  1. dock (for repairing and building ships)
    Synonym: 선거(船渠) (seon'geo)

Etymology 5 edit

Noun edit

(dok)

  1. Gyeongsang, Gyeonggi, Jeolla dialect, and Chungcheong form of (dol, rock)
    • 1982 October 26, 송도헌 [songdoheon], “명당의 천리도 모르는 도선 [myeongdang'ui cheollido moreuneun doseon]”, in 한국구비문학대계 [han'gukgubimunhakdaegye]‎[1], 충청북도 영동군 황금면 [chungcheongbukdo yeongdonggun hwanggeummyeon]:
      다가 갖다가 고이고 갖다가 놓고...
      Neol wi-e-daga gatdaga dog-eul goigo neor-eul gatdaga noko...
      So use the rock to prop up the plank then put the plank there...

Etymology 6 edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable edit

(dok)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC duwk))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC duwk))
  3. : poison
    (eumhun reading: (dok dok))
    (MC reading: (MC dowk))
  4. :
    (MC reading: )
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC duwk))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC duwk))
  7. :
    (MC reading: )
  8. : alone
    (eumhun reading: 홀로 (hollo dok))
    (MC reading: (MC duwk))
  9. : supervise, direct
    (eumhun reading: 살필 (salpil dok))
    (MC reading: (MC towk))
  10. 禿:
    (MC reading: 禿 (MC thuwk))
  11. :
    (MC reading: )
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC tuwk|trjuwk|towk))
  13. : deep, true, sincere, genuine
    (eumhun reading: 도타울 (dotaul dok))
    (MC reading: (MC towk))
  14. :
    (MC reading: )
  15. : to read
    (eumhun reading: 읽다 (ikda dok))
    (MC reading: (MC duwk))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC duwk))

Middle Korean edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(twòk) (locative 도ᄀᆡ〮 (twòk-óy))

  1. jar; pot
Descendants edit
  • Korean: (dok)

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Chinese (MC dowk).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

독〮 (twók) (hanja )

  1. poison; venom
    • 1489, 救急簡易方諺解 / 구급간이방언해 [Gugeupganibang eonhae], pages 6:39a–b:
      미친〮 가히〮 믈인〮 독〮이〮 다시〮 나거든〮 ᄆᆞᄅᆞᆫ ᄉᆡᇰ아ᇰ을〮 ᄀᆞ〮라 므〮레 프〮러 두〯 돈〯을〮 머그〮면 됴〯ᄒᆞ리〮라
      mìchín kàhí mùlGín twók-í tàsí nàkètún mòlòn sòyngàng-úl kólà múl-èy púlè twǔ twǒn-úl mèkúmyèn tyǒhòlílà
      Having been bitten by a rabid dog, should [the effects of] the poison [i.e. the rabies virus] recur, take two dons of ground dry ginger dissolved in water, and [the symptoms] will get better.
Descendants edit