KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 닑다〮 (Yale: nìlk-tá).

PronunciationEdit

Proscriptive pronunciation
  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ik̚t͈a̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ikda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ilgda
McCune–Reischauer?ikta
Yale Romanization?ilkta
Usual contemporary pronunciation
  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈi(ː)ɭt͈a̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ilda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ilda
McCune–Reischauer?ilta
Yale Romanization?īlqta

VerbEdit

Korean verb set
Base 읽다 (ikda)
Causative읽히다 (ilkida)
Passive읽히다 (ilkida)

읽다 (ikda) (infinitive 읽어, sequential 읽으니)

  1. (transitive) to read

Usage notesEdit

In the proscriptive standard, the cluster (lg) in verb stems is realized as (-l) only before (g-), and as (-k) before other consonants:

  • ikdato read
  • 고있다ilgoitdato be reading

In practice, almost all speakers pronounce it as (-l) before all consonants.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit