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Old TurkicEdit

Alternative formsEdit


Thought to be a borrowing from an unknown source. Cognate to Turkish ka臒an (khagan), and Mongolian 釥牋釥牋釥 (qa桑an, king, khan), a Turkic borrowing. Compare also Turkish h膩k膩n, an early Arabicized form from Arabic 禺丕賯丕賳(岣的乹膩n).


饜按饜皪饜埃 (qa桑an)

  1. khagan
  2. king
  3. ruler

Derived termsEdit


  • Clauson, Gerard (1972), 鈥渪a臒anl谋臒鈥, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 611