Old Turkic edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Turkic *kïŕïl (red). Cognate with Chuvash хӗрлӗ (hĕrlĕ), Khalaj qızıl, Azerbaijani qızıl (gold, golden), Turkish kızıl (crimson), Uzbek qizil, Bashkir ҡыҙыл (qıźıl, red), Yakut кыһыл (kıhıl).

Adjective edit

𐰶𐰃𐰔𐰞 (qïzïl)

  1. red
    • 9th century CE, Irk Bitig, Omen 51
      𐰖𐰽𐰞:𐰴𐰖𐰀:𐰖𐰖𐰞𐰍𐰢:𐰴𐰃𐰔𐰃𐰞:𐰴𐰖𐰀:𐰴𐰃𐰽𐰞𐰍𐰢:𐰆𐰞
      yašïl:qaya:yaylaɣïm:qïzïl:qaya:qïšlaɣïm:ol
      My summer quarters is a green rock and my winter quarters is a red rock.

Alternative forms edit

See also edit

Colors in Old Turkic · 𐰉𐰆𐰑𐰍 (boduɣ) (layout · text)
     𐰀𐰴 (āq), 𐰇𐰼𐰭 (ürüŋ)      𐰉𐰆𐰔 (boz)      𐰴𐰺𐰀 (qara)
             𐰶𐰃𐰔𐰞 (qïzïl), 𐰞 (al)              𐰘𐰏𐰼𐰤 (yegren), 𐱃𐰆𐰺𐰍 (toruɣ); 𐰖𐰍𐰔 (yaɣïz), 𐰉𐰆𐰔 (boz)              𐰽𐰺𐰍 (sarïɣ)
                          𐰖𐱁𐰞 (yašïl)             
                          𐰚𐰇𐰚 (kök)             
                                      

References edit

  • Tekin, Talât (1968) “qïzïl”, in A Grammar of Orkhon Turkic (Uralic and Altaic Series; 69), Bloomington: Indiana University, →ISBN, page 345
  • Tekin, Talât (1993) “kızıl”, in Irk Bitig: The Book of Omens, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 56
  • Clauson, Gerard (1972) “kızıl”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 683
  • Starostin, Sergei, Dybo, Anna, Mudrak, Oleg (2003) “*Kɨ̄ŕ-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8)‎[1], Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill