Ancient Greek edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-tḗr, with nominative η made common to all cases with original syncopation or ε; compare its use in ἀστήρ (astḗr) (always with ε) and γαστήρ (gastḗr) (either with oblique ε throughout or original syncopation).

Pronunciation edit

 

Suffix edit

-τήρ (-tḗrm (genitive -τῆρος); third declension

  1. Added to verb stems to form masculine agent nouns
    δίδωμι (dídōmi, (δω-, weak stem δο- to give) + ‎-τήρ (-tḗr) → ‎δωτήρ, δοτήρ (dōtḗr, dotḗr, a giver)
    ἐργάζομαι (ergázomai, to work) + ‎-τήρ (-tḗr) → ‎ἐργαστήρ (ergastḗr, workman)
    καθίημι (kathíēmi, to let down, descend) + ‎-τήρ (-tḗr) → ‎καθετήρ (kathetḗr, anything let down into)
    κλύζω (klúzō, to wash, cleanse) + ‎-τήρ (-tḗr) → ‎κλυστήρ (klustḗr, a clyster-pipe, syringe)
    ἵστημι (hístēmi, (weak stem στα- to stand) + ‎-τήρ (-tḗr) → ‎στατήρ (statḗr, a weight)
    χαράσσω (kharássō, (χαράκ-j- to engrave) + ‎-τήρ (-tḗr) → ‎χαρακτήρ (kharaktḗr, an engraver)

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Greek: -τήρας (-tíras)

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 839.2