-няк

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Rebracketed from -я́к (-ják) following adjectives ending in -ный (-nyj); compare горня́к (gornják, miner) from го́рный (górnyj, mining (relational)).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ня́к (-nják)

  1. suffix usually denoting a person with a given characteristic, or forming inanimate nouns of various meanings; often of a colloquial nature
    середа́ (seredá, middle) + ‎-ня́к (-nják) → ‎середня́к (serednják, peasant of moderate means (Soviet Union))
    молодо́й (molodój, young) + ‎-ня́к (-nják) → ‎молодня́к (molodnják, young animals, saplings, youngsters (collective))
    и́звесть (ízvestʹ, lime) + ‎-ня́к (-nják) → ‎известня́к (izvestnják, limestone)
    берёза (berjóza, birch) + ‎-ня́к (-nják) → ‎березня́к (bereznják, birch forest)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit