See also: Animal and animâl

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, US) enPR: ăn'ĭməl, IPA(key): /ˈænɪməl/
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English animal, from Old French animal, from Latin animal, a nominal use of an adjective from animale, neuter of animālis, from anima (breath, spirit). Displaced native Middle English deor, der (animal) (from Old English dēor (animal)), Middle English reother (animal, neat) (from Old English hrīþer, hrȳþer (neat, ox)).

NounEdit

animal (plural animals)

  1. (sciences) A multicellular organism that is usually mobile, whose cells are not encased in a rigid cell wall (distinguishing it from plants and fungi) and which derives energy solely from the consumption of other organisms (distinguishing it from plants).
    A cat is an animal, not a plant. Humans are also animals, under the scientific definition, as we are not plants.
    Synonyms: beast, creature
    • 1650, Thomas Browne, “Of the Cameleon”, in Pseudodoxia Epidemica: [], 2nd edition, London: [] A. Miller, for Edw[ard] Dod and Nath[aniel] Ekins, [], OCLC 152706203, 3rd book, page 133:
      It cannot be denied it [the chameleon] is (if not the moſt of any) a very abſtemious animall, and ſuch as by reaſon of its frigidity, paucity of bloud, and latitancy in the winter (about which time the obſervations are often made) will long ſubſist without a viſible ſuſtentation.
  2. (loosely) Any member of the kingdom Animalia other than a human.
    Synonym: beast
  3. (loosely, colloquial) Any land-living vertebrate (i.e. not fishes, insects, etc.).
    • 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 4:
      Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame. With more settled people, animals were harnessed to capstans or caged in treadmills to turn grist into meal.
  4. (figuratively) A person who behaves wildly; a bestial, brutal, brutish, cruel, or inhuman person.
    My students are animals.
    Synonyms: brute, monster, savage
  5. (informal) A person of a particular type.
    He's a political animal.
  6. Matter, thing.
    a whole different animal
HyponymsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See animal/translations § Noun.

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin animālis, from either anima (breath, spirit) or animus. Originally distinct from the noun, it became associated with attributive use of the noun and is now indistinguishable from it.

AdjectiveEdit

animal (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to animals.
    animal instincts
    Synonyms: beastly, bestial
  2. Raw, base, unhindered by social codes.
    animal passions
    Synonyms: animalistic, beastly, bestial, untamed, wild
  3. Pertaining to the spirit or soul; relating to sensation or innervation.
    • 2003, Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason (Penguin 2004), page 47:
      To explain what activated the flesh, ‘animal spirits’ were posited, superfine fluids which shuttled between the mind and the vitals, conveying messages and motion.
  4. (slang, Ireland) Excellent
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • animal at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • animal in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • animal in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

AnagramsEdit


AsturianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin animal.

AdjectiveEdit

animal (epicene, plural animales)

  1. animal

NounEdit

animal m (plural animales)

  1. animal

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin animal.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

animal (masculine and feminine plural animals)

  1. animal

NounEdit

animal m (plural animals)

  1. animal

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


CebuanoEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English animal, from Middle English animal, from Old French animal, from Latin animal, a nominal use of an adjective from animale, neuter of animālis, from anima (breath, spirit).

NounEdit

animal

  1. animal
  2. (derogatory) a contemptible person
  3. (sometimes humurous), a crazy person

AdjectiveEdit

animal

  1. (sometimes humurous), crazy
  2. contemptible, deserving contempt
  3. ruthless; without pity or compassion; cruel, pitiless

Etymology 2Edit

From Spanish animal, from Latin animal.

InterjectionEdit

animal

  1. (vulgar) used as an expression of disgust, anger, etc.

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin animal. Compare the archaic inherited doublet aumaille and its variant armaille, both from the Latin neuter plural animālia.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

animal m (plural animaux)

  1. animal
    Synonyms: bête, bestiole

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

animal (feminine singular animale, masculine plural animaux, feminine plural animales)

  1. animal
    Synonym: bestial
    Antonym: végétal

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin animal.

AdjectiveEdit

animal m or f (plural animais)

  1. animal

NounEdit

animal m (plural animais)

  1. animal

Haitian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French animal, from Latin animal.

NounEdit

animal

  1. animal
    Synonym: zannimo

InterlinguaEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

animal (plural animales)

  1. animal

KabuverdianuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese animal.

NounEdit

animal

  1. beast
  2. animal

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From animāle, nominative neuter singular of animālis.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

animal n (genitive animālis); third declension

  1. animal
  2. living creature

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (neuter, “pure” i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative animal animālia
Genitive animālis animālium
Dative animālī animālibus
Accusative animal animālia
Ablative animālī animālibus
Vocative animal animālia

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aniˈmaːl/, /aˈnimal/

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Old French animal, from Latin animal.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

animal (plural animales)

  1. An animal (considered to include humans)
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Latin animālis.

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

animal

  1. Related to the soul or spirit of a living being (i.e. sentience or sapience)
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Middle FrenchEdit

NounEdit

animal m (plural animaux or animaulx)

  1. animal
    Synonym: beste

PapiamentuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese animal and Spanish animal.

NounEdit

animal

  1. beast
  2. animal

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin animal. See also alimária, an inherited doublet.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

animal m or f (plural animais, comparable)

  1. (biology) animal (relating to animals)
    • 2000, Julio S. Inglez de Sousa et al., Enciclopédia agrícola brasileira: E-H, Editora da Universidade de São Paulo, page 225:
      Em anatomia animal o termo é de uso muito comum, []
      The term is very commonly used in animal anatomy, []
  2. (Brazil, slang) cool; awesome
    • 2015, Juliana Rosenthal K., Save the Day, Buqui, page 52:
      É, tava animal mesmo — Bia mal consegue falar.
      Yeah, it really was wild — Bia can barely speak.

InflectionEdit

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:animal.

NounEdit

animal m (plural animais)

  1. (biology) animal (any member of the kingdom Animalia)
    • 2020, Petrônio Braz, Léxico dos Gerais, Chiado Books, page 481:
      Primatas — Animais mamíferos, da ordem Primata, que compreende os macacos, antropóides e o homem.
      Primates — Mammalian animals, of the order Primata, which comprises monkeys/apes, anthropoids and man.
  2. (non-scientific usage) animal (an animal other than a human, especially a vertebrate)
    • Daniela Ikawa, Valor humano intrínseco e redistribuição social in 2007, Flávia Piovesan, Daniela Ikawa, Direitos Humanos: Fundamento, Proteção e Implementação, volume 2, Juruá Editora, page 44:
      Separar os dois grupos — humanos e animais requereria, dentro dos limites da teoria relativa à dor e ao sofrimento, []
      Separating the twe groups — humans and animals would require, within the limits of the theory relating to pain and suffering, []
    Synonyms: besta, bicho
  3. (colloquial) twat; idiot; moron
    • 1979, Wilson Bacelar de Oliveira, Os meus fantasmas, Editora Comunicação, page 490:
      Escute aqui, seu animal, então você brigou com o companheiro?
      Listen up, you dumbass, so you fought with [your] mate?
    Synonyms: idiota, retardado, burro, imbecil, débil mental, besta
  4. (colloquial) beast (a cruel person)
    • 2007, Creso Balduíno, O verso do ser, Editora Revan, page 170:
      Josuel é um animal repulsivo, uma besta humana.
      Josuel is a repulsive beast, a human beast.
    Synonym: monstro

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:animal.

Derived termsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French animal, from Latin animal. Doublet of nămaie.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

animal m or n (feminine singular animală, masculine plural animali, feminine and neuter plural animale)

  1. animal, animalistic
  2. brutal

DeclensionEdit

AdverbEdit

animal

  1. brutally

NounEdit

animal n (plural animale)

  1. animal

DeclensionEdit


RomanschEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin animal.

NounEdit

animal m (plural animals)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader) animal

SynonymsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin animal. See also alimaña, an inherited doublet.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aniˈmal/, [a.ni.ˈmal]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -al

AdjectiveEdit

animal (plural animales)

  1. animal

NounEdit

animal m (plural animales)

  1. animal

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit


Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English animal.

NounEdit

animal

  1. animal (members of Kingdom Animalia that are not humans)
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 1:25:
      God i kamapim ol kain kain animal bilong ples na ol bikpela na liklik animal bilong bus. God i lukim olgeta dispela samting i gutpela, na em i amamas.
      →New International Version translation
    Synonym: abus
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.