-чатый

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Extracted by rebracketing of words such as хлопча́тый (xlopčátyj) (from хло́пок (xlópok) + -а́тый (-átyj)), where -ч- (< -к- with palatalisation) is part of the stem.

PronunciationEdit

  • -чатый: IPA(key): [t͡ɕɪtɨj]
  • -ча́тый: IPA(key): [ˈt͡ɕatɨj]

SuffixEdit

-чатый or -ча́тый (-čatyj or -čátyj)

  1. adjective-forming suffix, added to nouns, indicating having the characteristic of that noun; sometimes a relational adjective is formed instead
    взрыв (vzryv, explosion) + ‎-чатый (-čatyj) → ‎взры́вчатый (vzrývčatyj, explosive)
    узо́р (uzór, pattern) + ‎-чатый (-čatyj) → ‎узо́рчатый (uzórčatyj, patterned)
    пила́ (pilá, saw) + ‎-чатый (-čatyj) → ‎пи́льчатый (pílʹčatyj, serrated)
    бревно́ (brevnó, log) + ‎-чатый (-čatyj) → ‎бреве́нчатый (brevénčatyj, timbered, made of logs)

Usage notesEdit

Note the following properties:

  • The stress is usually drawn onto the preceding syllable.
  • A preceding -л- is palatalized to -ль-; all other letters are depalatalized.
  • Some preceding occurrences of -е- that gain the stress become -ё-, but others remain -е-, without apparent pattern.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit