See also: SAW, Saw, sAw, s'aw, and šaw

English edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

 
A saw—a tool

The noun from Middle English sawe, sawgh, from Old English saga, sagu (saw), from Proto-West Germanic *sagu, from Proto-Germanic *sagô, *sagō (saw), from Proto-Indo-European *sek- (to cut).

Cognate with West Frisian seage (saw), Dutch zaag (saw), German Säge (saw), Danish sav (saw), Swedish såg (saw), Icelandic sög (saw), and through Indo-European, with Latin secō (cut) and Italian sega (saw).

The verb from Middle English sawen, from the noun above.

Noun edit

saw (plural saws)

  1. A tool with a toothed blade used for cutting hard substances, in particular wood or metal.
    1. Such a tool with an abrasive coating instead of teeth.
  2. A musical saw.
  3. A sawtooth wave.
  4. (whist) The situation where two partners agree to trump a suit alternately, playing that suit to each other for the express purpose.
Hyponyms edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Sranan Tongo: sa
Translations edit

Verb edit

saw (third-person singular simple present saws, present participle sawing, simple past sawed, past participle sawed or sawn)

  1. (transitive) To cut (something) with a saw.
  2. (intransitive) To make a motion back and forth similar to cutting something with a saw.
    • 1835, James Hogg, The Story of Euphemia Hewit:
      He said he was sometimes whistling a tune to himself — for, like me, he sawed a good deal on the fiddle; []
  3. (intransitive) To be cut with a saw.
    The timber saws smoothly.
  4. (transitive) To form or produce (something) by cutting with a saw.
    to saw boards or planks (i.e. to saw logs or timber into boards or planks)
    to saw shingles
    to saw out a panel
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English sawe, from Old English sagu, saga (story, tale, saying, statement, report, narrative, tradition), from Proto-West Germanic *sagā, from Proto-Germanic *sagō, *sagǭ (saying, story), from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷe-, *skʷē-, from *sekʷ- (to say).

Cognate with Dutch sage (saga), German Sage (legend, saga, tale, fable), Danish sagn (legend), Norwegian soga (story), Icelandic saga (story, tale, history). More at saga, say. Doublet of saga.

Noun edit

saw (plural saws)

  1. (obsolete) Something spoken; speech, discourse.
    • 1470–1485 (date produced), Thomas Malory, “(please specify the chapter)”, in [Le Morte Darthur], book V, [London: [] by William Caxton], published 31 July 1485, →OCLC; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur [], London: David Nutt, [], 1889, →OCLC:
      And for thy trew sawys, and I may lyve many wynters, there was never no knyght better rewardid [].
      And for your true discourses, and I may live many winters, there was never no knight better rewarded [].
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  2. (archaic) A saying or proverb.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:saying
    • c. 1598–1600 (date written), William Shakespeare, “As You Like It”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act II, scene vii], lines 152-5:
      And then the justice, / In fair round belly with good capon lined, / With eyes severe and beard of formal cut, / Full of wise saws and modern instances.
    • 1902, Charles Robert Ashbee, Masque of the Edwards of England, page 8:
      At his crowning [] the priest in his honour preached on the saw, 'Vox populi, vox Dei.'
    • 2017, Andrew Marantz, "Becoming Steve Bannon's Bannon", The New Yorker, Feb 13&20 ed.
      There’s an old saw about Washington, D.C., that staffers in their twenties know more about the minutiae of government than their bosses do.
  3. (obsolete) Opinion, idea, belief.
    by thy sawin your opinion
    commune sawcommon opinion/knowledge
    on no sawby no means
  4. (obsolete) Proposal, suggestion; possibility.
    • c. 1350-1400, unknown, The Erl of Toulous
      All they assentyd to the sawe; They thoght he spake reson and lawe.
  5. (obsolete) Dictate; command; decree.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

Verb edit

saw

  1. simple past of see
  2. (colloquial, nonstandard) past participle of see
    • 1907, Report of the Special Committee of Investigation of the Government Hospital for the Insane[1], Govrnment Printing Office, page 297:
      Mr. Harbaugh. All instances that I have saw.
    • 2006, K.C. Carceral, Prison, Inc: A Convict Exposes Life Inside a Private Prison[2], NYU Press, →ISBN, page 68:
      “I think so. He might have saw him already. Shit dude, I don't know. You run the place.”
    • 2014 October 7, Frances O'Roark Dowell, Anybody Shining[3], Simon & Schuster, →ISBN, page 110:
      “I might have saw something,” I told him. “At least I think I might have saw something. Only I couldn't say what.”

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Atong (India) edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

saw (Bengali script সাৱ)

  1. rotten

Khasi edit

Khasi cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : saw

Etymology edit

From Proto-Khasian *saːw, an innovation of the Khasian branch. Cognate with Pnar soo.

Numeral edit

saw

  1. four

Middle English edit

Noun edit

saw

  1. saw
    • 1387, Ranulf Higden, translated by John of Trevisa, Polychronicon:
      Þe more comoun sawe is þat Remus was i-slawe for he leep ouer þe newe walles of Rome.
      The more common opinion is that Remus was slain for he lept over the new walls of Rome.

Northern Kurdish edit

Noun edit

saw ?

  1. terror
  2. horror

Scots edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (Doric and most Southern Scots dialects) IPA(key): /sa/
  • (Central and some Southern Scots dialects) IPA(key): /sɔ/

Etymology 1 edit

Verb edit

saw

  1. (South Scots) simple past tense of sei
  2. (Northern and Central) simple past tense of see

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

saw (plural saws)

  1. A salve.

Zhuang edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Tai *sɯːᴬ (writing; book), from Middle Chinese (MC syo, “writing; book”). Cognate with Lao ສື (sư̄), Thai สือ (sʉ̌ʉ).

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

saw (Sawndip forms 𭨡 or or 𰗂 or 𭓙, 1957–1982 spelling səɯ)

  1. written language; writing; script
  2. (Chinese) character
  3. word
  4. book
  5. teaching material
  6. receipt; voucher
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Tai *saɰᴬ (clear; clean). Cognate with Thai ใส (sǎi), Northern Thai ᩈᩲ, Isan ใส, Lao ໃສ (sai), ᦺᦉ (ṡay), Tai Dam ꪻꪎ, Shan သႂ် (sǎue), Tai Nüa ᥔᥬᥴ (sáue), Ahom 𑜏𑜧 (saw) or 𑜏𑜧𑜤 (sawu).

Adjective edit

saw (Sawndip forms 𰝓 or 𢙣 or , 1957–1982 spelling səɯ)

  1. clean
  2. (of transparent objects, water, etc.) clear
  3. (of liquids other than water) watery; thin

Etymology 3 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “from 輸?”)

Verb edit

saw (Sawndip forms 𰷙 or , 1957–1982 spelling səɯ)

  1. to lose