-ություն

ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian -ութիւն (-utʿiwn).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ություն (-utʿyun)

  1. Forming abstract and collective nouns, -ity, -ness, -dom, -hood, -y.
    լուրջ (lurǰ, serious) + ‎-ություն (-utʿyun) → ‎լրջություն (lrǰutʿyun, seriousness)
    ահաբեկիչ (ahabekičʿ, terrorist) + ‎-ություն (-utʿyun) → ‎ահաբեկչություն (ahabekčʿutʿyun, terrorism)
    մտավորական (mtavorakan, intellectual) + ‎-ություն (-utʿyun) → ‎մտավորականություն (mtavorakanutʿyun, intelligentsia)

Usage notesEdit

  • This suffix is very productive.
  • The Eastern Armenian pronunciation [uˈt͡sʰjun] developed from [uˈtʰjun] where [tʰ] was palatalized before [j]. According to Dum-Tragut, it is a typical feature of colloquial Armenian, and is also regarded as highly conventional and as being used in public, journalistic language.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009) Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library; 14), Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 29