English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle French collectif, from Latin collēctīvus, from collēctus, past participle of colligō (I collect), from com- (together) + legō (I gather). Compare French collectif. Doublet of colectivo.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /kəˈlɛktɪv/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation, US: col‧lec‧tive; UK: col‧lect‧ive
  • Rhymes: -ɛktɪv

Adjective edit

collective (not comparable)

  1. Formed by gathering or collecting; gathered into a mass, sum, or body.
    Synonyms: congregated, aggregated
    the collective body of a nation
  2. Tending to collect; forming a collection.
  3. Having plurality of origin or authority.
  4. (grammar) Expressing a collection or aggregate of individuals, by a singular form.
  5. (obsolete) Deducing consequences; reasoning; inferring.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun edit

collective (plural collectives)

  1. A farm owned by a collection of people.
  2. (especially in communist countries) One of more farms managed and owned, through the state, by the community.
  3. (grammar) A collective noun or name.
  4. (by extension) A group dedicated to a particular cause or interest.
    • 2005, Zoya Kocur, Simon Leung, Theory in contemporary art since 1985, page 76:
      There are, however, a number of contemporary artists and art collectives that have defined their practice precisely around the facilitation of dialogue among diverse communities.
    • 2006 March 5, Holland Cotter, “The Collective Conscious”, in The New York Times[1], →ISSN:
      Critical Art Ensemble is one of many art collectives operating on the principle that information is power and that it is most effectively made available through a combination of science and aesthetics.
    • 2021 October 13, Adam Bradley, “The Creative Collectives Finding Strength in Numbers”, in The New York Times[2], →ISSN:
      Today’s collectives create together, tour together, exhibit together, live together, survive together, eat together, sleep together, march together, fight together and party together, too.
  5. The flight control used to control a helicopter's ascent or descent.
    • 2012, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Helicopter Flying Handbook: FAA-H-8083-21A, Ravenio Books:
      A pilot normally holds the collective stationary until the helicopter stops; however, to get more braking action, lower the collective slightly. Keep in mind that, due to the increased ground friction when the collective is lowered or []
    • 2021 July 27, Federal Aviation Administration, Helicopter Flying Handbook: FAA-H-8083-21B, Simon and Schuster, →ISBN:
      Hover height, rate of ascent, and the rate of descent are controlled by using the collective. Helicopter position and the direction of travel are controlled by the cyclic.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

References edit

Further reading edit

  • "collective" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 69.

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit


  1. feminine singular of collectif
    Après une belle action collective, l’équipe a enfin marqué un but.
    After some good teamwork, the team finally scored a goal.

Latin edit

Adjective edit


  1. vocative masculine singular of collēctīvus