From Middle French collectif, from Latin collēctīvus, from collēctus, past participle of colligō (I collect), from com- (together) + legō (I gather). Compare French collectif.


  • IPA(key): /kəˈlɛktɪv/
  • Hyphenation, US: col‧lec‧tive; UK: col‧lect‧ive
  • Rhymes: -ɛktɪv


collective (not comparable)

  1. formed by gathering or collecting; gathered into a mass, sum, or body; congregated or aggregated
    the collective body of a nation
  2. tending to collect; forming a collection
    • (Can we date this quote by Young and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Local is his throne [] to fix a point, / A central point, collective of his sons.
  3. having plurality of origin or authority
  4. (grammar) expressing a collection or aggregate of individuals, by a singular form
  5. (obsolete) deducing consequences; reasoning; inferring.
    • (Can we date this quote by Sir Thomas Browne and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      critical and collective reason

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


collective (plural collectives)

  1. a farm owned by a collection of people
  2. (especially in communist countries) one of more farms managed and owned, through the state, by the community
  3. (grammar) a collective noun or name
  4. (by extension) a group dedicated to a particular cause or interest
    • 2005, Zoya Kocur, Simon Leung, Theory in contemporary art since 1985 (page 76)
      There are, however, a number of contemporary artists and art collectives that have defined their practice precisely around the facilitation of dialogue among diverse communities.


Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • collective fruit (Botany), that which is formed from a mass of flowers, as the mulberry, pineapple, and the like; -- called also multiple fruit.


Further readingEdit

  • "collective" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 69.




  1. feminine singular of collectif
    Après une belle action collective, l'équipe a enfin marqué un but.(please add an English translation of this usage example)




  1. vocative masculine singular of collēctīvus