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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English -y, -i, from Old English -iġ (-y, -ic, suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-īgaz (-y, -ic), from Proto-Indo-European *-kos, *-ikos, *-iḱos (-y, -ic). Cognate with Scots -ie (-y), West Frisian -ich (-y), Dutch -ig (-y), Low German -ig (-y), German -ig (-y), Swedish -ig (-y), Latin -icus (-y, -ic), Ancient Greek -ικός (-ikós). Doublet of -ic.

SuffixEdit

-y

  1. Added to nouns and adjectives to form adjectives meaning “having the quality of”.
    mess + ‎-y → ‎messy
    mouse + ‎-y → ‎mousy
    blue + ‎-y → ‎bluey
    clay + ‎-y → ‎clayey
  2. Added to verbs to form adjectives meaning "inclined to".
    run + ‎-y → ‎runny
    stick + ‎-y → ‎sticky
Usage notesEdit
  • This suffix is still very productive and can be added to almost any word. When the resulting word is not perceived to be a real word, a hyphen is used before the suffix (sandcastlesandcastle-y). A few long-established words ending with this suffix have distinctive spellings, such as wintry and fiery, which English learners might misspell as *wintery and *firey.
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
  • (form “having quality of” adjectives): -less
TranslationsEdit

Note: translations of English words ending in -y do not necessarily end in the suffixes listed below.

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English and Scots. Compare Dutch -je (diminutive suffix), German Low German -je (diminutive suffix). Also spelled -ie.

SuffixEdit

-y

  1. Forming diminutive nouns. Also used for familiar and pet names as a term of endearment.
    granny
    Billy
TranslationsEdit

Note: translations of English words ending in -y do not necessarily end in the suffixes listed below.

Etymology 3Edit

From Anglo-Norman and Middle French -ie and -e, from Latin -ia, -ium, -tās, Ancient Greek -ίᾱ (-íā), -ειᾰ (-eia), -ιον (-ion). Cognate (as far as Latin -ia is involved) with German -ei and Dutch -ij.

SuffixEdit

-y

  1. Forming abstract nouns denoting a state, condition, or quality.
    modest + ‎-y → ‎modesty
    honest + ‎-y → ‎honesty
    -nym + ‎-y → ‎-nymy
    as in toponym + ‎-y → ‎toponymy
    -logue + ‎-y → ‎-logy
    as in analogue + ‎-y → ‎analogy
  2. Used in the name of some locations which end in -ia in Latin.
    Italy, Germany, Saxony, Hungary, Sicily, Lombardy, Tuscany, Albany, Brittany, Burgundy, Picardy, Normandy, Turkey.
TranslationsEdit

Note: translations of English words ending in -y do not necessarily end in the suffixes listed below.

Derived termsEdit



AsturianEdit

PronounEdit

-y

  1. him, she, it (third-person singular indirect pronoun)
    da-y pan
    Give him bread

Related termsEdit

  • -yos, -ys (third-person plural indirect pronoun)

FinnishEdit

SuffixEdit

-y

  1. Front vowel variant of -u.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of -y (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative -y -yt
genitive -yn -yjen
partitive -yä -yjä
illative -yyn -yihin
singular plural
nominative -y -yt
accusative nom. -y -yt
gen. -yn
genitive -yn -yjen
partitive -yä -yjä
inessive -yssä -yissä
elative -ystä -yistä
illative -yyn -yihin
adessive -yllä -yillä
ablative -yltä -yiltä
allative -ylle -yille
essive -ynä -yinä
translative -yksi -yiksi
instructive -yin
abessive -yttä -yittä
comitative -yineen
Inflection of -y (Kotus type 2/palvelu, no gradation)
nominative -y -yt
genitive -yn -yjen
-yiden
-yitten
partitive -yä -yjä
-yitä
illative -yyn -yihin
singular plural
nominative -y -yt
accusative nom. -y -yt
gen. -yn
genitive -yn -yjen
-yiden
-yitten
partitive -yä -yjä
-yitä
inessive -yssä -yissä
elative -ystä -yistä
illative -yyn -yihin
adessive -yllä -yillä
ablative -yltä -yiltä
allative -ylle -yille
essive -ynä -yinä
translative -yksi -yiksi
instructive -yin
abessive -yttä -yittä
comitative -yineen

Lower SorbianEdit

SuffixEdit

-y

  1. Alternative form of -i (used after “hard” consonants).

QuechuaEdit

SuffixEdit

-y

  1. Infinitive marker.
    mikhuy (to eat)
  2. Nominalizes verbs. The act of doing something. "-ing."
    pampachay (pardon, remission)
  3. Indicates first-person singular possessive.
    mikhuna (food)mikhunay (my food)
  4. Conjugative suffix for the second-person imperative mood.
    Uyariway! ("(You) listen to me!")