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EstonianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-va, from Proto-Uralic *-ŋa.

SuffixEdit

-v (genitive -va, partitive -vat)

  1. creates adjectives from nouns
    veri "blood" → verev "(blood-)red"

InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-pa, cognate to Finnish -va.

SuffixEdit

-v (genitive -va, partitive -vat)

  1. Forms the present active participle of a verb, which is normally used like an adjective.
    kirjutama "to write" → kirjutav tüdruk "the/a girl who is writing"
    võistlema "to compete" → võistlev mees "the/a man who is competing"

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit


VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *-va, from Proto-Uralic *-ŋa.

SuffixEdit

-v

  1. Forms adjectives from nouns, indicating the possession or abundance of something.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of -v
nominative sing. -v
genitive sing. -van
partitive sing. -vad
partitive plur. -vid
singular plural
nominative -v -vad
accusative -van -vad
genitive -van -viden
partitive -vad -vid
essive-instructive -van -vin
translative -vaks -vikš
inessive -vas -viš
elative -vaspäi -višpäi
illative ? -vihe
adessive -val -vil
ablative -valpäi -vilpäi
allative -vale -vile
abessive -vata -vita
comitative -vanke -videnke
prolative -vadme -vidme
approximative I -vanno -videnno
approximative II -vannoks -vidennoks
egressive -vannopäi -vidennopäi
terminative I ? -vihesai
terminative II -valesai -vilesai
terminative III -vassai
additive I ? -vihepäi
additive II -valepäi -vilepäi

Derived termsEdit