Contents

FinnishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-pa. The Finnish form descends from the weak-grade variant *-ba, which was eventually extended by analogy to all verbs. The original strong grade remains as -pa in a few words (e.g. syöpä, käypä, kaikkivoipa), but these have lost their verbal meaning.

SuffixEdit

-va ‎(front vowel harmony variant -vä)

  1. Forms the present active participle of a verb, which is normally used like an adjective. The English equivalent is normally -ing, but sometimes also -ish.
    kirjoittaa(to write)kirjoittava tyttö = a writing girl
    punertaa(to redden)punertava taivas = reddish sky
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of -va (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative -va -vat
genitive -van -vien
partitive -vaa -via
illative -vaan -viin
singular plural
nominative -va -vat
accusative nom. -va -vat
gen. -van
genitive -van -vien
-vainrare
partitive -vaa -via
inessive -vassa -vissa
elative -vasta -vista
illative -vaan -viin
adessive -valla -villa
ablative -valta -vilta
allative -valle -ville
essive -vana -vina
translative -vaksi -viksi
instructive -vin
abessive -vatta -vitta
comitative -vine
Derived termsEdit

See Category:Finnish present active participles.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-va, from Proto-Uralic *-ŋa.

SuffixEdit

-va ‎(front vowel harmony variant -vä)

  1. Forms an adjective from a noun.
    liha(flesh, meat)lihava(fat)
    käsi(hand)käte(handy)
    tila(space)tilava(spacious)
    terä(cutting edge)terä(sharp)
    rinta(breast)rintava(buxom)
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of -va (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative -va -vat
genitive -van -vien
partitive -vaa -via
illative -vaan -viin
singular plural
nominative -va -vat
accusative nom. -va -vat
gen. -van
genitive -van -vien
-vainrare
partitive -vaa -via
inessive -vassa -vissa
elative -vasta -vista
illative -vaan -viin
adessive -valla -villa
ablative -valta -vilta
allative -valle -ville
essive -vana -vina
translative -vaksi -viksi
instructive -vin
abessive -vatta -vitta
comitative -vine
Derived termsEdit



HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-va

  1. (adverbial participle suffix) Added to a verb to form an adverbial participle. Its nearest English equivalent is the -ing form functioning as a participle (rather than a noun).
    úszik(to swim)Úszva jött ide. - He came here swimming.

Usage notesEdit

  • (adverbial participle suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -va is added to back vowel verbs
    -ve is added to front vowel verbs

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

SuffixEdit

-va

  1. suffixed to question words, meaning "some"
    cine "who" + va "some" → cineva "someone"
    unde "where" + va "some" → undeva "somewhere"
    când "when" + va "some" → cândva "sometime"
    cum "how" + va "some" → cumva "somehow"