-va

FinnishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-pa. The Finnish form descends from the weak-grade variant *-ba, which was eventually extended by analogy to all verbs. The original strong grade remains as -pa in a few words, but these have lost their verbal meaning.

SuffixEdit

-va ‎(front vowel harmony variant -vä)

  1. Forms the present active participle of a verb, which is normally used like an adjective. The English equivalent is normally -ing, but sometimes also -ish.
    kirjoittaa ‎(to write) → kirjoittava tyttö = a writing girl
    punertaa ‎(to redden) → punertava taivas = reddish sky
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of -va (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative -va -vat
genitive -van -vien
partitive -vaa -via
illative -vaan -viin
singular plural
nominative -va -vat
accusative nom. -va -vat
gen. -van
genitive -van -vien
-vainrare
partitive -vaa -via
inessive -vassa -vissa
elative -vasta -vista
illative -vaan -viin
adessive -valla -villa
ablative -valta -vilta
allative -valle -ville
essive -vana -vina
translative -vaksi -viksi
instructive -vin
abessive -vatta -vitta
comitative -vine
Derived termsEdit

See Category:Finnish present active participles.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-va, from Proto-Uralic *-ŋa.

SuffixEdit

-va ‎(front vowel harmony variant -vä)

  1. Forms an adjective from a noun.
    liha ‎(flesh, meat) → lihava ‎(fat)
    käsi ‎(hand) → käte ‎(handy)
    tila ‎(space) → tilava ‎(spacious)
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of -va (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative -va -vat
genitive -van -vien
partitive -vaa -via
illative -vaan -viin
singular plural
nominative -va -vat
accusative nom. -va -vat
gen. -van
genitive -van -vien
-vainrare
partitive -vaa -via
inessive -vassa -vissa
elative -vasta -vista
illative -vaan -viin
adessive -valla -villa
ablative -valta -vilta
allative -valle -ville
essive -vana -vina
translative -vaksi -viksi
instructive -vin
abessive -vatta -vitta
comitative -vine
Derived termsEdit



HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-va

  1. (adverbial participle suffix) Added to a verb to form an adverbial participle. Its nearest English equivalent is the -ing form functioning as a participle (rather than a noun).
    úszik ‎(to swim) → Úszva jött ide. - He came here swimming.

Usage notesEdit

  • (adverbial participle suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -va is added to back vowel verbs
    -ve is added to front vowel verbs

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

SuffixEdit

-va

  1. suffixed to question words, meaning "some"
    cine "who" + va "some" → cineva "someone"
    unde "where" + va "some" → undeva "somewhere"
    când "when" + va "some" → cândva "sometime"
    cum "how" + va "some" → cumva "somehow"
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