Classical NahuatlEdit




  1. (added to nouns) -ness, -ity, -hood, -ship, -ism, -ry; forms abstract nouns.
    tahtli ‎(father) → tahyōtl ‎(paternity, fatherhood)
    tepitōn ‎(something small) → tepitōnyōtl ‎(smallness)
    tōltēcatl ‎(artisan) → tōltēcayōtl ‎(artisanry)
  2. (added to nouns) forms concrete nouns with senses extended from the original.
    ācatl ‎(cane)→ ācayōtl ‎(piping)
    iztatl ‎(salt) → iztayōtl ‎(brine)
    yāōtl ‎(enemy) → yāōyōtl ‎(war, warfare)

Usage notesEdit

This particle undergoes progressive assimilation (where a consonantal sound assimilates into the one that precedes it) in certain situations:

Derived termsEdit


  • James Lockhart (2001) Nahuatl as Written: Lessons in Older Written Nahuatl, with Copious Examples and Texts, Stanford University Press, page 242