Appendix:Glossary of typography

This is a glossary of typography.


Table of Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


AEdit

all caps
Text or a font in which all letters are capital letters.

BEdit

boldface
A font that is dark, having a high ration of ink to white space, written or drawn with thick strong lines.

FEdit

face
A typeface.
font
A set of glyphs of unified design, belonging to one typeface (such as Helvetica), style (such as italic), and weight (such as bold). Examples: Georgia Regular, Futura Book Oblique, Univers 47.
font family
(used in computer typography) A typeface; face.

GEdit

glyph
A visual representation of a letter, character, or symbol, in a specific font and style.

IEdit

italics
Letters in an italic typeface.

JEdit

justification
The alignment of text to the left margin (left justification), the right margin (right justification), or both margins (full justification).

KEdit

kern
The overhang of one letter to another letter which affects the spacing of characters. Kerning is altered to make text more clear.

LEdit

ligature
The conflation of two characters to avoid collisions or facilitate legibility.

REdit

running text
The body of text, as distinct from headings, footnotes, diagrams and other added material.

SEdit

 
A serif font and a sans serif one
sans serif
A typeface in which the characters do not have serifs.
sentence case
The standard capitalisation of an English sentence, with the first letter uppercase and subsequent letter lowercase with exceptions such as proper nouns or acronyms.
serif
A short horizontal line added to the tops and bottoms of traditional typefaces, such as Times Roman.
 
A small caps font
small caps
Capital letters A, B, C, ... shown in the same form but in small size (typically of the same size as lower-case letters).

TEdit

title case
The capitalization in which the first letter of each major word is set in capital, used for titles and headings.
typeface
A set of fonts of a unified design, typically combining several weights (such as light, medium, bold), styles (roman, italic), or widths (narrow, extended). A face; font family. Examples: Frutiger, Garamond, Helvetica.
typesetting
The setting or composition of written material into type.
typography
The art or practice of setting and arranging type; typesetting.

WEdit

weight
The boldness of a font; the relative thickness of its strokes, such as light, medium, book, bold, or heavy.