From Middle English weight, weiȝte, weght, wight, from Old English wiht, ġewiht (“weight”), from Proto-Germanic *wihtiz ("weight"; compare *weganą (“to move”)), from Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ- (“to move; pull; draw; drive”).
Cognate with Scots wecht, weicht (“weight”), Saterland Frisian Wächte (“scale”) and Gewicht (“weight”), West Frisian gewicht (“weight”), Dutch gewicht (“weight”), German Low German Wicht, Gewicht (“weight”) and German Gewicht (“weight”).
weight (countable and uncountable, plural weights)
- The force on an object due to the gravitational attraction between it and the Earth (or whatever astronomical object it is primarily influenced by).
- An object used to make something heavier.
- A standardized block of metal used in a balance to measure the mass of another object.
- Importance or influence.
1897, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, in The Celebrity:
I liked the man for his own sake, and even had he promised to turn out a celebrity it would have had no weight with me. I look upon notoriety with the same indifference as on the buttons on a man's shirt-front, or the crest on his note-paper.
- 1907 Alonso de Espinosa, Hakluyt Society & Sir Clements Robert Markham, The Guanches of Tenerife: the holy image of Our Lady of Candelaria, and the Spanish conquest and settlement, Printed for the Hakluyt Society, p116
- Another knight came to settle on the island, a man of much weight and position, on whom the Adelantados of all the island relied, and who was made a magistrate.
- 1945 Mikia Pezas, The price of liberty, I. Washburn, Inc., p11
- "You surely are a man of some weight around here," I said.
- (weightlifting) An object, such as a weight plate or barbell, used for strength training.
He's working out with weights.
- (physics) Mass (atomic weight, molecular weight, etc.) (in restricted circumstances)
- (physics, proscribed) Synonym of mass (in general circumstances)
- (measurement) Mass (net weight, troy weight, carat weight, etc.).
- (statistics) A variable which multiplies a value for ease of statistical manipulation.
- (topology) The smallest cardinality of a base.
- (typography) The boldness of a font; the relative thickness of its strokes.
- (visual art) The relative thickness of a drawn rule or painted brushstroke, line weight.
- (visual art) The illusion of mass.
- (visual art) The thickness and opacity of paint.
- Pressure; burden.
the weight of care or business
c. 1603–1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of King Lear”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iii]:
The weight of this sad time.
- (Can we date this quote by John Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
- For the public all this weight he bears.
- The resistance against which a machine acts, as opposed to the power which moves it.
- (slang, uncountable) Shipments of (often illegal) drugs.
- He was pushing weight.
- (slang, countable) One pound (1 lb) of drugs, especially cannabis.
- 2002, Nicholas Dorn, Karim Murji, Nigel South, Traffickers: Drug Markets and Law Enforcement (page 5)
- [I was] doing a weight [1 lb. at that time] a week, sometimes more, sometimes less.
2009, Martina Cole, The Ladykiller:
The ones the CIB should be looking out for, to her mind, were the officers who raided a flat, found a couple of weights of cannabis and stashed half of it before they made the collar. The cannabis would make its way back on to the street […]
force due to gravity
- Afrikaans: gewig
- Albanian: peshë (sq) f
- Amharic: ክብደት (kəbdät)
- Arabic: وَزْن (ar) (wazn)
- Armenian: կշիռ (hy) (kšiṙ), քաշ (hy) (kʿaš), ծանրություն (hy) (canrutʿyun)
- Assamese: ওজন (üzon)
- Asturian: pesu m
- Azerbaijani: çəki (az), ağırlıq (az), vəzn
- Basque: pisu
- Belarusian: ва́га f (váha)
- Bengali: ওজন (bn) (ojôn)
- Bulgarian: тегло́ (bg) n (tegló)
- Burmese: အလေး (my) (a.le:)
- Catalan: pes
- Central Melanau: baat
- Mandarin: 重量 (zh) (zhòngliàng), (body weight) 體重 (zh), 体重 (zh) (tǐzhòng)
- Czech: tíha (cs) f, váha (cs) f
- Danish: vægt c, tyngdekraft c
- Dutch: gewicht (nl)
- Esperanto: pezo
- Estonian: kaal
- Ewe: kpekpeme n
- Finnish: paino (fi)
- French: poids (fr)
- Friulian: pês m
- Galician: peso (gl) m
- Georgian: წონა (c̣ona)
- German: Gewicht (de) n
- Greek: βάρος (el) n (város)
- Ancient: βάρος n (báros)
- Hawaiian: kaumaha
- Hebrew: מִשְׁקָל (he) m (mishqál)
- Hindi: भार (hi) m (bhār)
- Hungarian: súly (hu)
- Icelandic: þyngd (is)
- Ido: pezo (io)
- Indonesian: berat (id), bobot (id)
- Interlingue: pesa, póndere
- Irish: meáchan m
- Italian: peso (it) m
- Japanese: (objects) 重さ (ja) (omosa), (general) 重量 (ja) (jūryō), (living things) 体重 (ja) (taijū)
- Kazakh: салмақ (salmaq)
- Khmer: ទម្ងន់ (km) (tumngŭən)
- Korean: 중량 (ko) (jungnyang) (重量 (ko)), 무게 (ko) (muge), 체중 (ko) (chejung) (body weight)
- Kyrgyz: салмак (ky) (salmak)
- Ladin: peis m
- Lao: ນ້ຳໜັກ (nam nak), ນ້ຳຫນັກ (nam nak)
- Latin: pondus n
- Latvian: svars m
- Lithuanian: svoris (lt) m
- Luxembourgish: Gewiicht n
- Macedonian: тежина f (težina)
- Malay: berat
- Maori: please add this translation if you can
- Mongolian: жин (mn) (žin), дэнс (mn) (dens)
- Bokmål: vekt (no) m or f
- Occitan: pes (oc) m
- Old English: ġewiht n
- Persian: وزن (fa) (vazn)
- Polish: ciężar (pl) m, waga (pl) f
- Portuguese: peso (pt)
- Romanian: greutate (ro) f
- Romansch: paisa f, peisa f, pesa f, pais m
- Russian: вес (ru) m (ves)
- Sanskrit: गुरुत्व (sa) n (gurutva)
- Sardinian: pesu m, pessu
- Scots: weicht
- Scottish Gaelic: cudrom m
- Cyrillic: тежина f
- Roman: težina (sh) f
- Sicilian: pisu (scn) m
- Sinhalese: බර (bara)
- Slovak: váha f
- Slovene: teža (sl) f
- Spanish: peso (es) m
- Swahili: uzani (sw)
- Swedish: tyngd (sv) c, vikt (sv) c
- Tagalog: bigat
- Tajik: вазн (vazn)
- Tamil: please add this translation if you can
- Telugu: భారము (te) (bhāramu), బరువు (te) (baruvu)
- Thai: น้ำหนัก (th) (nám-nàk)
- Turkish: ağırlık (tr)
- Turkmen: agyrlyk (tk)
- Ukrainian: ва́га (uk) f (váha)
- Uzbek: ogʻirlik (uz), vazn (uz)
- Venetian: pexo m
- Vietnamese: trọng lượng (vi) (重量), cân nặng
- Welsh: pwysau (cy) m pl
- Yiddish: געוויכט n (gevikht)
object to make something heavier
standardized measuring weight
weight for training muscles
topology: the smallest cardinality of a base
typography: boldness of a font
thickness and opacity of paint
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
weight (third-person singular simple present weights, present participle weighting, simple past and past participle weighted)
- (transitive) To add weight to something; to make something heavier.
- (transitive, dyeing) To load (fabrics) with barite, etc. to increase the weight.
- (transitive) To load, burden or oppress someone.
- (transitive, mathematics) To assign weights to individual statistics.
- (transitive) To bias something; to slant.
- (transitive, horse racing) To handicap a horse with a specified weight.
- (transitive, sports) To give a certain amount of force to a throw, kick, hit, etc.
2008, Tom Valenta, Remember Me, Mrs V?: Caring for My Wife: Her Alzheimer's and Others' Stories, ReadHowYouWant:
With good peripheral vision he spots his teammate, Ray Evans, lurking in the scoring zone and sweeps a perfectly weighted pass to him.