From Middle English weight, weiȝte, weght, wight, from Old English wiht, ġewiht (“weight”), from Proto-Germanic *wihtiz ("weight"; compare *weganą (“to move”)), from Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ- (“to move; pull; draw; drive”).
Cognate with Scots wecht, weicht (“weight”), Saterland Frisian Wächte (“scale”), Saterland Frisian Gewicht (“weight”), West Frisian gewicht (“weight”), Dutch gewicht (“weight”), German Low German Wicht, Gewicht (“weight”), German Gewicht (“weight”).
- The force on an object due to the gravitational attraction between it and the Earth (or whatever astronomical object it is primarily influenced by).
- An object used to make something heavier.
- A standardized block of metal used in a balance to measure the mass of another object.
- Importance or influence.
- 1907 Alonso de Espinosa, Hakluyt Society & Sir Clements Robert Markham, The Guanches of Tenerife: the holy image of Our Lady of Candelaria, and the Spanish conquest and settlement, Printed for the Hakluyt Society, p116
- Another knight came to settle on the island, a man of much weight and position, on whom the Adelantados of all the island relied, and who was made a magistrate.
- 1945 Mikia Pezas, The price of liberty, I. Washburn, Inc., p11
- "You surely are a man of some weight around here," I said.
- (weightlifting) A disc of iron, dumbbell, or barbell used for training the muscles.
He's working out with weights.
- (physics) Mass (net weight, atomic weight, molecular weight, troy weight, carat weight, etc.).
- (statistics) A variable which multiplies a value for ease of statistical manipulation.
- (topology) The smallest cardinality of a base.
- (typography) The boldness of a font; the relative thickness of its strokes.
- (visual art) The relative thickness of a drawn rule or painted brushstroke, line weight.
- (visual art) The illusion of mass.
- (visual art) The thickness and opacity of paint.
- Pressure; burden.
the weight of care or business
- The weight of this sad time.
- For the public all this weight he bears.
- The resistance against which a machine acts, as opposed to the power which moves it.
- (slang, uncountable) Shipments of (often illegal) drugs.
- He was pushing weight.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- (transitive) To add weight to something; to make something heavier.
- (transitive) To load, burden or oppress someone.
- (transitive, mathematics) To assign weights to individual statistics.
- (transitive) To bias something; to slant.
- (transitive, horse racing) To handicap a horse with a specified weight.