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EtymologyEdit

From Latin Manichaeus + -ism, from Classical Syriac ܡܐܢܝ ܚܝܐ(Mānī ḥayyā, Living Mani), from the name of its founder, Mani, from Middle Persian Mānī, Classical Syriac ܡܐܢܝ(Mānī) (Modern Persian مانی(mâni))[script needed] + Classical Syriac ܚܝܐ(ḥayyā, living, alive).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈmænɪkiːɪz(ə)m/

Proper nounEdit

Manichaeism

  1. (religion) A syncretic, dualistic religion that combined elements of Zoroastrian, Christian, and Gnostic thought, founded by the Iranian prophet Mani in 3rd century AD.
  2. (philosophy) A dualistic philosophy dividing the world between good and evil principles, or regarding matter as intrinsically evil and mind as intrinsically good.

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