This Proto-Balto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.
This Proto-Balto-Slavic entry contains original research. The reconstruction in this entry is based on published research, but the specific form presented here is not found in prior works.

Proto-Balto-Slavic edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr (heart).[1][2]

Reconstruction notes edit

In Lithuanian dialects, there are forms such as širdès, šìrdes, širdų̃, which point to an earlier root noun.

Tijmen Pronk (2022) may be suggesting that form *ḱēr(d) gave rise to the Prussian form seyr.[3] However, Wojciech Smoczyński (as of December 04, 2023) believes that the Prussian form remains paleographically unclear.[4] Therefore, this means that the Prussian form cannot be a reliable material for the reconstruction of the Proto-Balto-Slavic form *śḗr.

Noun edit

*śḗr n

  1. heart
    Synonym: *śirˀdís f

Inflection edit

Declension of *śḗr (athematic, mobile accent)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative *śḗr *śírˀde *śírˀdes
Accusative *śírˀdin *śírˀde *śírˀdins
Genitive *śirˀdés *śirˀdṓn
Locative *śirˀdí *śirˀdsú
Dative *śírˀdei *śirˀdmás
Instrumental *śirˀdḗˀ *śirˀdmī́ˀs
Vocative *śḗr *śírˀde *śírˀdes

Descendants edit

  • East Baltic:
    • Latgalian: sir̂ds
    • Latvian: sir̂ds
    • Old Lithuanian: širdès
    • Samogitian: šėrdės
  • West Baltic:
  • Proto-Slavic: *sь̑rdьce

References edit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*sь̏rdьce”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 485: “BSl. *śird-
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “širdis”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 448: “BSl. *śirʔd-
  3. ^ Pronk, T. (2022), “Balto-Slavic”, in Olander, T., editor, The Indo-European Language Family: A Phylogenetic Perspective, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →DOI, →ISBN, page 285: “OPr. seyr < *ḱēr(d)
  4. ^ Smoczyński, Wojciech (2007), “širdìs”, in Słownik etymologiczny je̜zyka litewskiego (in Polish), Vilnius: Uniwersytet Wileński, page 1820