Contents

LatgalianEdit

NounEdit

sirds f

  1. heart

LatvianEdit

 sirds on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Sirds (4)
 
Sirds kalps (5)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From older sirdis (attested in 17th-century texts), from Proto-Baltic *širdi-, from the zero grade *ḱr̥d- (with an extra -ey) of Proto-Indo-European *ḱerd-, *ḱērd-. Cognates include Lithuanian širdìs, Old Prussian seyr ([sēr]), Proto-Slavic *sьrdьko, *sьrdьce (Old Church Slavonic срьдьцє(srĭdĭce), Russian сердце(sérdce), Belarusian, Ukrainian серце(sérce), Bulgarian сърдце(sǎrdcé), Czech srdce, Polish serce), Proto-Germanic *hērt-ōn (Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐍄𐍉(hairtō) [hērto], German Herz, Old English heorte, English heart), Hittite 𒆠𒅕(kir, ker, kard-), Sanskrit हृद्(hṛd) (< *źhr̥d(*źhr̥d)), Ancient Greek καρδία(kardía), Latin cor, gen. cordis.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

sirds f (6th declension)

  1. (anatomy) heart (the central organ of the circulatory system which causes the blood to flow through the blood vessels by means of rhythmic muscular contractions)
    sirds pukst‎ ― the heart is beating
    sirds sit‎ ― the heart is jumping (lit. beating, i.e., heavily)
    sirds slimības‎ ― heart diseases
    sirds pārsitieni‎ ― heart palpitations
    sirds mazspēja‎ ― heart failure
    sirds trokšņi‎ ― cardiac murmur (lit. heart noises)
    sirds zāles‎ ― heart medication
    sirds darbojas normāli‎ ― the heart is working normally
    sirds ir mūsu galvenais orgāns‎ ― the heart is our most important organ
  2. heart (the center of the human psyche, including emotions, character, personality, and their expression and manifestation)
    laba, draudzīga sirds‎ ― a good, friendly heart
    līdzjūtīga sirds‎ ― a compassionate heart
    dedzīga, kvēla sirds‎ ― a fervent, fiery heart
    atsaucīga, godīga sirds‎ ― a receptive, honest heart
    gaiša, viegla sirds‎ ― a bright, light heart
    līksma sirds‎ ― a joyous heart
    smaga, grūta sirds‎ ― a severe, hard heart
    grūtsirdīga sirds‎ ― a melancholic heart
    ļauna sirds‎ ― an evil heart
    mātes, tēva sirds‎ ― a mother's, a father's heart
    sirds līksmo‎ ― the heart rejoices
    aizkustināt sirdi‎ ― to touch (someone's) heart
    sirds noslēpums‎ ― a secret of the heart
    viņam nav sirds‎ ― he doesn't have a heart
    ai sirds! te maiga tu, te rāma, te nemierīga krūtīs tiec‎ ― oh, heart! here you are, gentle, calm, becoming restless in the chest
    Līnai bija žēlīga un vāja sirds, kas spēja saslieties tikai liela izmisuma brīžos‎ ― Linai had a weak, compassionate heart that could straighten up only in times of despair
  3. heart (main, central, most important part)
    galvaspilsēta ir zemes sirds‎ ― the capital city is the heart of the land
    Ēvalds atvadījās no pilsētas centra, no diviem mēnešiem, kas bija aizvadīti šeit, pašā Rīgas sirdī‎ ― Ēvalds said farewell to the city center, to the two months that had been spent here, in the very heart of Riga
    mašīnbūvi dēvē par mūsu industrijas sirdi‎ ― mechanical engineering is known as the heart of our industry
    jūs abi bijāt pirmajā reisā un tagad esat komandas sirds un kodols‎ ― both of you were in the first trip and are now the heart and core of the team
  4. heart (an object or drawing having the shape of a heart, typically stylized as a cardioid)
    piparkūku sirds‎ ― gingerbread heart
    reiz ar pirmo lāpstas dūrienu izdevās atrast unikālu akmens laikmetā veidotu tumšsarkana dzintara sirdi‎ ― already with the first hit of the shovel they managed to find a unique Stone Age dark red amber heart
  5. (card games) hearts {{gloss|[[one of the four suits of playing cards, marked with the symbol )
    sirds kalps‎ ― the jack of hearts
    sirds dūzis‎ ― the ace of hearts
    kapteinis sāka dalīt kārtis, un Vilks izklaidīgi ņēma tās pretī... tur bija viens kalps un trīs dāmas: krusta, kārava un sirds‎ ― the captain started dealing the cards, and Vilks absent-mindedly took them... there were three queens: clubs, diamonds, and hearts

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Suits in Latvian · sugas (see also: kārts, spēļu kārts) (layout · text)
       
sirdis kāravi pīķi krusti

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sirds”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7