sirds

LatgalianEdit

NounEdit

sirds f

  1. heart

LatvianEdit

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 Sirds on Latvian Wikipedia

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Sirds (4)
Sirds kalps (5)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From older sirdis (attested in 17th-century texts), from Proto-Baltic *širdi-, from the zero grade *ḱr̥d- (with an extra -ey) of Proto-Indo-European *ḱerd-, *ḱērd-. Cognates include Lithuanian širdìs, Old Prussian seyr ([sēr]), Proto-Slavic *sьrdьko, *sьrdьce (Old Church Slavonic срьдьцє ‎(srĭdĭce), Russian сердце ‎(sérdce), Belarusian, Ukrainian серце ‎(sérce), Bulgarian сърдце ‎(sǎrdcé), Czech srdce, Polish serce), Proto-Germanic *hērt-ōn (Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐍄𐍉 ‎(hairtō) [hērto], German Herz, Old English heorte, English heart), Hittite 𒆠𒅕 ‎(kir, ker, kard-), Sanskrit हृद् ‎(hṛd) (< *źhr̥d ‎(*źhr̥d)), Ancient Greek καρδία ‎(kardía), Latin cor, gen. cordis.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

sirds f (6th declension)

  1. (anatomy) heart (the central organ of the circulatory system which causes the blood to flow through the blood vessels by means of rhythmic muscular contractions)
    sirds pukst — the heart is beating
    sirds sit — the heart is jumping (lit. beating, i.e., heavily)
    sirds slimībasheart diseases
    sirds pārsitieniheart palpitations
    sirds mazspējaheart failure
    sirds trokšņicardiac murmur (lit. heart noises)
    sirds zālesheart medication
    sirds darbojas normāli — the heart is working normally
    sirds ir mūsu galvenais orgāns — the heart is our most important organ
  2. heart (the center of the human psyche, including emotions, character, personality, and their expression and manifestation)
    laba, draudzīga sirds — a good, friendly heart
    līdzjūtīga sirds — a compassionate heart
    dedzīga, kvēla sirds — a fervent, fiery heart
    atsaucīga, godīga sirds — a receptive, honest heart
    gaiša, viegla sirds — a bright, light heart
    līksma sirds — a joyous heart
    smaga, grūta sirds — a severe, hard heart
    grūtsirdīga sirds — a melancholic heart
    ļauna sirds — an evil heart
    mātes, tēva sirds — a mother's, a father's heart
    sirds līksmo — the heart rejoices
    aizkustināt sirdi — to touch (someone's) heart
    sirds noslēpums — a secret of the heart
    viņam nav sirds — he doesn't have a heart
    ai sirds! te maiga tu, te rāma, te nemierīga krūtīs tiec — oh, heart! here you are, gentle, calm, becoming restless in the chest
    Līnai bija žēlīga un vāja sirds, kas spēja saslieties tikai liela izmisuma brīžos — Linai had a weak, compassionate heart that could straighten up only in times of despair
  3. heart (main, central, most important part)
    galvaspilsēta ir zemes sirds — the capital city is the heart of the land
    Ēvalds atvadījās no pilsētas centra, no diviem mēnešiem, kas bija aizvadīti šeit, pašā Rīgas sirdī — Ēvalds said farewell to the city center, to the two months that had been spent here, in the very heart of Riga
    mašīnbūvi dēvē par mūsu industrijas sirdi — mechanical engineering is known as the heart of our industry
    jūs abi bijāt pirmajā reisā un tagad esat komandas sirds un kodols — both of you were in the first trip and are now the heart and core of the team
  4. heart (an object or drawing having the shape of a heart, typically stylized as a cardioid)
    piparkūku sirds — gingerbread heart
    reiz ar pirmo lāpstas dūrienu izdevās atrast unikālu akmens laikmetā veidotu tumšsarkana dzintara sirdi — already with the first hit of the shovel they managed to find a unique Stone Age dark red amber heart
  5. (card games) hearts {{gloss|[[one of the four suits of playing cards, marked with the symbol )
    sirds kalps — the jack of hearts
    sirds dūzis — the ace of hearts
    kapteinis sāka dalīt kārtis, un Vilks izklaidīgi ņēma tās pretī... tur bija viens kalps un trīs dāmas: krusta, kārava un sirds — the captain started dealing the cards, and Vilks absent-mindedly took them... there were three queens: clubs, diamonds, and hearts

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Suits in Latvian · sugas (see also: kārts, spēļu kārts) (layout · text)
SuitHearts.svg SuitDiamonds.svg SuitSpades.svg SuitClubs.svg
sirdis kāravi pīķi krusti

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “sirds” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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