Reconstruction:Proto-Balto-Slavic/źírˀna

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This Proto-Balto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Balto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm, with accent retraction due to Hirt's law.

NounEdit

*źírˀna n[1][2][3]

  1. grain

InflectionEdit

Fixed accent.

Declension of *źírˀna (o-stem)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative *źírˀna *źírˀnai *źírˀnāˀ
Accusative *źírˀna *źírˀnai *źírˀnāˀ
Genitive *źírˀnā *źírˀnāu(ˀ) *źírˀnōn
Locative *źírˀnai *źírˀnāu(ˀ) *źírˀnaišu
Dative *źírˀnōi *źírˀnamā(ˀ) *źírˀnamas
Instrumental *źírˀnōˀ *źírˀnamāˀ *źírˀnōis
Vocative *źírˀna *źírˀnai *źírˀnāˀ

DescendantsEdit

  • East Baltic:
    • Latvian: zir̃nis
    • Lithuanian: žìrnis, žirnỹs
  • West Baltic:
  • Proto-Slavic: *zь̀rno (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Finnic: *herneh < (earlier *źŕ̥ˀna) (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*zь̀rno”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 553: “BSl. *źirʔn-
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “žirnis”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 520: “BSl. *źírʔno
  3. ^ Kim, Ronald (2018), “The Phonology of Balto-Slavic”, in Jared S. Klein, Brian Joseph, and Matthias Fritz, editors, Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook of Language Comparison and the Reconstruction of Indo-European[1], Berlin: de Gruyter