See also: žirnis

Contents

LatvianEdit

 zirnis on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Zirņi (2)
 
Zirņu pāksts (2)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *žir-nya-, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źirˀna-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm, *grain, from the stem *ǵerh₂-, *ǵr̥h₂-, *ǵrē- (to mature, to ripen, to grow old) with an extra element -no-, probably an adjectivizer. In Eastern Baltic, this word narrowed its meaning from “grain” to only one kind of grain, “pea.” Cognates include Lithuanian žìrnis, Old Prussian syrnea (grain), Old Church Slavonic зрьно (zrĭno, grain), Old Irish grán, Persian خرمن (xarman), Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌽 (kaurn), Latin grānum.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

zirnis m (2nd declension)

  1. pea (several plants of the family Fabaceae, especially Pisium sativum)
    dārza zirnis‎ ― garden pea
    lauka zirnis‎ ― field pea
    sējas zirnis‎ ― sowing pea (Pisum sativum)
  2. pea (the grain of these plants, especially Pisum sativum)
    zirņu pāksts‎ ― pea pod
    lobīt zirņus‎ ― to shuck, shell peas (pea pods)
    kaltēt zirņus‎ ― to dry peas
    pelēkie zirņi ar speķi‎ ― gray peas with bacon
    zirņu zupa‎ ― pea soup

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zirnis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7