Reconstruction:Proto-Balto-Slavic/bū́ˀtei

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This Proto-Balto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Balto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰúHt and *h₁ésti.

VerbEdit

*bū́ˀtei[1][2][3]

  1. to be

InflectionEdit

Suppletive, fixed accent[4], athematic present *ésti ~ *sénti or *sánti.

DescendantsEdit

  • Latvian: bût
  • Lithuanian: bū́ti
  • Old Prussian: būton
  • Samogitian: būtė
  • Slavic: *bỳti (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kim, Ronald (2018) , “The Phonology of Balto-Slavic”, in Jared S. Klein, Brian Joseph, and Matthias Fritz, editors, Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook of Language Comparison and the Reconstruction of Indo-European[1], Berlin: de Gruyter
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*bỳti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 71: “*bʔu-”
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “būti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 107: “*bʔu-”
  4. ^ Jasanoff, Jay (2017) The Prehistory of the Balto-Slavic Accent (Brill's Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics; 17), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 218: “*The Proto-BSl. paradigm had fixed initial lexical accent, generalized from the 1–3 sg. (*h₁és-mi, *-si, *-ti) and the 3 pl. (*h₁s-énti).”