This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *bū́ˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti (present) and *bʰúHt (other forms).


*bỳti impf[1][2][3]

  1. to be


See alsoEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


Further readingEdit


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bỳti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 71: “v. (a) ‘be’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “1byti: bǫdǫ bǫdetь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “a (SA 208, 234, 236, 260; PR 133; MP 22)”
  3. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “2byti (st. by-): jesmь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c være (PR 139)”
  4. ^ Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1893), “бꙑти”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[1] (in Russian), volume 1 (А – К), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 204
  5. ^ Barkhudarov, S. G., editor (1975), “быти”, in Словарь русского языка XI–XVII вв. [Dictionary of the Russian Language: 11ᵗʰ – 17ᵗʰ cc.] (in Russian), issue 1 (а – бяшенина), Moscow: Nauka, page 366
  6. ^ “буть”, in Древнерусские берестяные грамоты [Birchbark Literacy from Medieval Rus] (in Russian),, (please provide a date or year) (document № 68)
  7. ^ Zaliznyak, Andrey (2004), “бꙑти”, in Древненовгородский диалект [Old Novgorod dialect] (Studia philologica) (in Russian), 2nd edition, Moscow: Languages of Slavic Cultures, →ISBN, page 714 of 872
  8. ^ buiti”, in Freising manuscripts, 1005±33, page 4 (2.2/159r), line 42
  9. ^ choku biti”, in Freising manuscripts, 1005±33, page 1 (1.1/78r), line 7