Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/alyos

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-CelticEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂élyos.

AdjectiveEdit

Proto-Celtic ordinal numbers
 <  1st 2nd 3rd  > 
    Cardinal : *dwau
    Ordinal : *alyos

*alyos

  1. other, second

InflectionEdit

O/ā-stem
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *alyos *alyou *alyoi
vocative *alye *alyou *alyūs
accusative *alyom *alyou *alyoms
genitive *alyī *alyous *alyom
dative *alyūi *alyobom *alyobos
instrumental *alyū *alyobim *alyobis
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *alyā *alyai *alyās
vocative *alyā *alyai *alyās
accusative *alyam *alyai *alyams
genitive *alyās *alyous *alyom
dative *alyai *alyābom *alyābos
instrumental *? *alyābim *alyābis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *alyom *alyou *alyā
vocative *alyom *alyou *alyā
accusative *alyom *alyou *alyā
genitive *alyī *alyous *alyom
dative *alyūi *alyobom *alyobos
instrumental *alyū *alyobim *alyobis

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Brythonic: *ėl
    • Middle Breton: eil
    • Cornish: eyl
    • Middle Welsh: eil
  • Old Irish: aile
  • Gaulish: allos, alos
  • Lepontic: [script needed] (alios)

ReferencesEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “ail”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies